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My Gag Gift is Actually Useful

I used to have a lot of jokes about fleshlights, but they are pretty cool. I remember when I was younger, there was an advertisement with an attractive woman running up the stairs, and there was a guy chasing her. She ran through a door and closed it behind her. The guy opened the door and saw that the woman had turned into the light. It was one of the most hilarious commercials I’ve ever seen. Seeing the light as a joke changed when I actually had the opportunity to use one for myself.

My friends have a habit of occasionally buying me gag gifts for my birthday. One year they all bought a bunch of gifts that would jump out of the box and surprise me.

How to Manage a Auto Mechanic Shop Business

Increase business with good auto repair shop management.

The manager of an auto mechanic shop can make or break the business. You need to know both how to fix cars and run a profitable business. Also know how to deal with customers so that they keep coming back. Get organized to help you manage an auto repair business and watch your bottom line improve.


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        Hire employees with experience. Mistakes in auto repair can be quite dangerous, so be sure to hire mechanics who have both knowledge and experience. Before hiring staff, you may want to give a simple hands-on test — show applicants a broken engine and ask them to fix it. Good employees will form the foundation of your business, so take time to choose the right ones.

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        Check that your business acts within local and federal laws. Violating laws could mean that the authorities will quickly close your business. You may want to hire a lawyer to help you with this. It’s always better to find a good lawyer before you need one.

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      Cultivate a good relationship with parts dealers. Be sure that you can get the parts you need delivered quickly. If you have a good relationship with the parts dealers, you can be sure that your order will take priority.

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      Purchase commonly needed items to store on location. It’s smart to have things like fan belts, tires and other products that your customers are likely to need on site. This allows you to repair cars more quickly.

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      Set up a customer database. Ask customers for their address and telephone numbers and ask if it’s OK for you to contact them. Send them a reminder when it’s time for an oil change or a letter if there has been a recall on the parts that you used. You can also send them special coupons. Having this kind of database and relationship with your customers can create loyal customers and repeat business.

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      Choose an accountant who understands your business. If you manage an auto mechanic business, you don’t want to take care of the financial details. That’s best left up to a professional accountant. When looking at accountants, look for one who understands your business, including any tax deductions for which you may be eligible.

How to Advertise an Auto Repair Shop

Automotive repair should strive to develop a reputation of trust and integrity.Auto repair shops focus on fixing customers’ car problems. In addition to providing excellent service when you fix the cars, a key to success at your automotive shop is to educate your customers about what to look for, what to expect and how to shop for the right repair shop for them. This means your advertising and marketing strategy should strive to both educate your customers and communicate the benefits of why a customer should choose your auto repair shop over your competition.


1. Develop an eye-catching sign. A good way to advertise your auto repair business to cars passing by is to create a sign that captures the attention of passing motorists.2. Include posters and other advertisements inside your auto repair shop. When a customer steps into your shop, you want to help answer questions and position your shop in the best light possible by including advertisements that communicate the benefits of your business. Create a poster that compares services and pricing of your shop and your biggest competitors. Develop a flyer that details different services and how often a customer should service her vehicle. Offer stickers and key chains with your shop’s contact information so your customer has a constant reminder of your brand.

3. Create coupons you can distribute to customers. Offering better values on your auto repair services than your competitors is one way to advertise your business. Sign up for an account with a local coupon distributor in your area, such as Valpak or Money Mailer. Hire a copywriter and print designer to help you develop an attractive ad, and have the coupon distributor send your ad to prospective customers in your local area.

4. Develop a referral program. Offer your current customers something of value, such as $5 off their next oil change, for referring another customer to your auto repair shop. Referrals are part of an advertising and marketing strategy called “word of mouth,” which is when you develop programs designed to initiate public discussion about your services.

5. Send a direct mailing to a targeted list of customers. This advertising strategy is slightly different from partnering with a coupon distributor, because you send the direct mailing yourself. Hire a list development company, which will help you create a detailed prospect list of customers who are aligned with your target market. Send your list of customers an advertisement about your auto repair shop. Your ad should discuss solutions your shop provides to your customers’ common car problems, and should highlight the benefits your services offer. Include an offer, which is the incentive for the customer to visit your auto repair shop, and a call to action, which is what you want the customer to do after reading your mailing.

6. Create an email newsletter. Ask every customer who comes in the door for his email address, and send a monthly e-newsletter. Include tips about what to look for in a repair shop, what to expect from your repair shop, pricing for different services and coupons for savings on select services at your shop.

The Best Ways to Attract Business to an Auto Repair Shop

Individuals and organizations rely on their vehicles to take them to appointments, for leisure and entertainment, and to get to and from school, work and events. To keep their vehicles running, individuals must invest in routine maintenance and repairs. Make your auto repair shop a local one-stop shop for car owners by coming up with ways to attract business and retain customers for repeat car maintenance and repair appointments.

Place Print Advertisements

  • Advertise your auto repair shop by placing advertisements in local print publications. Discount circulars, community phone books and directories, magazines and newsletters offer advertising opportunities for businesses such as auto repair shops. Rather than purchasing small classified advertisements, make your advertisements stand out by purchasing advertising space that’s at least a quarter-page advertisement. On the advertisement include your auto repair company’s logo, a brief bullet-point list of the services you offer, a link to your website and a phone number. Add a call-to-action asking potential customers to give your business a call if they have auto repair needs.

Start an Email Newsletter

  • Obtain email addresses for each client who patrons your auto repair business. Use these names to send email newsletters that offer tips and advice about car maintenance and repair, let customers know their cars are due for routine maintenance, announce in-store events and sales on everything from paint jobs to repairing dents. At the end of each email newsletter you send to your auto repair shop clients, include a note that asks them to share your email with their friends and family. Include an email newsletter signup box on your company’s website to entice visitors to sign up for your updates.

    Join Local Networking Groups

    • By joining local networking groups, you get the opportunity to make fellow business owners aware of the services your auto repair shop offers. Networking groups often have websites where they feature the names, web addresses and contact information of areas businesses who are members of their organizations. Group members, as well as local residents, frequent these sites when they’re in search of area businesses such as auto repair shops. Additionally, many networking groups host meetings that allow members to take turns introducing their products and services to the groups to help generate leads for their businesses. With the high level of community involvement networking groups offer, members are able to connect directly with their potential customers, building relations based on trust and loyalty.

    Offer Discount Coupons

    • Print sturdy, postcard-sized cards with your auto repair shop’s logo, name and contact information on them. At the bottom of the card, include a discount card customers can bring into your store and use toward first-time services. Hire high school and college students to help you market your auto repair business. Outfit them in T-shirts with your business logo, and send them into the communities you serve with your discount cards. They can place the cards on cars parked in neighborhoods and communities in your area. Other strategies might include partnering with local complementary businesses such as car supply shops and car washes where your target market may visit.

    Get Quoted

    • Establish a relationship with local reporters and bloggers and let them know that you’re available if they need quotes on auto repair-related articles and stories they may be writing. By getting quoted, you position yourself as an expert in auto repair services and get your name and business listed in articles local residents will read. This technique is a way to increase your visibility and attract new clients to your auto repair shop.

    Create a Social Meda Presence

    • Take your auto repair shop online by setting up a social media presence using sites such as Facebook. Social media can give your business a local presence and allow you to interact with potential clients, providing them with car care tips, maintenance suggestions and updating them on special promotions your auto repair shop is offering. You might even include contests or trivia your page followers can participate in to win service discounts from your shop.

    Invest in Promotional Items

    • Giving out promotional items such as license plate holders with the name and phone number of your business, pens, key chains, water bottles, notepads, coffee cups, bumper sticks or air fresheners can help you attract business to your auto repair shop. Clients may use their products at home or at the office, which can help increase visibility and attract clients to your auto shop business.

When does a car battery need to be replaced or time for a new battery ?

The battery is what powers every electrical component in a car. At some point, the car battery needs to be replaced, but when? Is there a way to tell that the battery is failing? How long does it last? Let’s start with why the battery needs to be replaced. Most cars have lead-acid batteries that are made of six cells with lead and lead-oxide plates filled with an electrolyte (dilute sulfuric acid).

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Slow engine crank:
When you attempt to start the vehicle, the cranking of the engine is sluggish and takes longer than normal to start.

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Check engine light:
The check engine light sometimes appears when your battery power is weak.

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Low battery fluid level:
Car batteries typically have a part of the casing that’s translucent so you can always keep an eye on your battery’s fluid level. If the fluid level is below the lead plates : (energy conductor:) inside, it’s time to have the battery and charging system tested.

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The swelling, bloating battery case:
If your battery casing looks like this you can blame excessive heat for causing your battery case to swell, decreasing your battery life.

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Battery leak:
Leaking also causes the corrosion around the posts : (where the + and – cable connections are located.: ) The gunk may need to be removed; otherwise, your car may not start.

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Old age:
Your battery can last well beyond three years but, at the very least, have its current condition inspected on a yearly basis when it reaches the three year mark.


How to get the cheapest car insurance

The major crime most drivers commit against their personal finances is failing to shop around for the best premium and simply accepting your insurer’s renewal quote, which is likely to be much higher.

Younger drivers can also grab themselves potentially much cheaper car insurance by opting for one of the new blackbox policies, these put a spy in your car to monitor your driving and reward those who are careful and don’t drive at dangerous times.

Laura Keely, right, opted to have a little black box put in under the dashboard of her Vauxhall Corsa by Insurethebox.

Previously, she paid £1,800 for a comprehensive policy. Twelve months on, her premiums dropped to just £1,000 — a 44 per cent fall.

Whether you are male or female, old or young, follow our ten steps to lower premiums.

1. Shop around for the best deals

Savings of hundreds of pounds can be found if you shop around when you renew your cover.

Be careful though. When shopping around for car insurance, it’s important to make sure that you are comparing like-for-like cover. Some policies may seem cheaper, but you may find you don’t have the same level of cover when you have to make a claim.

Use an online comparison service to do the hard work for you. Put in your details and check the prices that come up. You can alter the excess that you are willing to pay and the mileage you will drive and get new quotes. Also check the insurers that don’t feature in comparison sites, the big two are Direct Line and Aviva


  •   Compare policies from more than 130 insurers with our car insurance finder (Powered by leading comparison engine MoneySupermarket)

M&S Bank will cut up to 20 per cent off loyalty cardholder’s car insurance premiums plus it promises 1,000 M&S points to cardholders taking out a new policy. Its also offers up to 90 days cover while driving abroad and uninsured driver protection.

Churchill offers a 24-hour emergency and legal advice line, an uninsured drivers promise and a five year servicing deal. Experienced, safe drivers could also get an 80 per cent discount for cover of eight years or more.

Tempcover insurance could be a good option if you are after cover for a short period of time and Marmalade have a decent offering exclusively structured for young drivers.

Sainsbury’s offers new customers with a Nectar loyalty card up to 30 per cent discount on their insurance plus they get double points when swiping their loyalty cards on shopping and fuel with the supermarket for up to 2 years. The supermarket giant is also Plus giving free breakdown cover for the first year on its Sainsbury’s Car Insurance or Sainsbury’s Premier Cover Car Insurance until 28th September 2015.

John Lewis offers a 15 per cent discount when you apply for motor insurance online. Its policies come with a no claims discount of up to 75 per cent.

The AA offers free breakdown cover for the first year with any new car insurance policy.

2. Don’t put everyone on your policy

Ensure that only regular drivers are named on the policy. You can always add someone for a few days when they really need to drive the car.

3. Protect that no-claims bonus

A long no-claims bonus is the single best way of cutting car insurance costs, so protect it.

This may increase the premium by a few pounds, but this fades into insignificance against the potential loss of a 90 per cent discount on a premium of several hundred pounds.

 But the definition of a protected no-claims bonus can vary widely between insurers.

Though accidents caused by another driver will normally have no impact on such a bonus, those caused by the insured could. The key is to always check the policy carefully.

4. Take a higher excess

Increase your voluntary excess. Agreeing to pay more towards the cost of any accident repairs will bring down premiums. If you are not at fault in an accident, the excess can be recovered.Beware being tempted to allow it to rise too high, however, especially if you have a lower value car.

5. Secure your car

Fitting an approved alarm, immobiliser or tracking device can attract a discount of around 5%. Many newer cars will come with these as standard, so make sure you check if you have them and then declare them.


1. Compare prices: Use an online comparison service to do the hard work for you.

Put in your details and check the prices that come up. You can alter the excess that you are willing to pay and the mileage you will drive and get new quotes.

Also check the insurers that don’t feature in comparison sites, the big two are Direct Line and Aviva. This is Money’s car insurance search is powered by MoneySupermarket and will search more than 130 insurers for you. Try it out here.

2. Haggle! The car insurance market is notoriously competitive. Once you’ve been on This Is Money’s comparison and found your cheapest price (below), get on the phone and start bargaining!

3. Avoid paying monthly charges: Direct debit installments generally come hand-in-hand with high interest rates.

An alternative is to borrow the money on a 0 per cent purchase credit card and then clear it within a year. [Check the best 0% purchase credit cards here]

4. Think outside the box: An accelerated no-claims bonus, such as Admiral’s Bonus Accelerator, could give you a year’s no claims bonus after just 10 months.

5. Named drivers and friends and family: If you have previously been insured as an additional driver on another policy, see if you can transfer a no claims bonus to your own insurance coverage.

Some insurers do this, including The AA and Direct Line  . Try for a discount by insuring two or more vehicles between friends or family members with the same firm.

6. Do less miles

The fewer miles the car covers, the greater the saving.

For example, a reduction in annual mileage of 5,000 miles could save a typical 35-year-old driver about £50 a year in premiums.

A cut of 10,000 miles a year could save more than £100.

But you must be honest about your annual mileage, as inaccuracy will jeopardise any claim.

Check your use cover – if you don’t use your car to drive to work or for business – both things that increase your premium – you may be able to get a cheaper rate.

7. Think carefully about adding young drivers

Adding a young, inexperienced driver to your policy can be a false economy, especially if you have a large or higher powered vehicle.

The premium will still be affected by the youngest driver and he or she may not have a no-claims bonus. Insurers have also been cracking down on fronting, where parents insure cars in their name for children to cut costs, so make sure if you are the policyholder on a car driven by your children that you are actually its main driver, or that you declare otherwise.

8. Watch out for insurance trap cars


The EU has ruled that finance companies can no longer consider your gender when deciding what to charge you.

This was triggered by a European Court of Justice ruling on a challenge by a Belgian consumer group. Its case was that the exemption for insurers contradicted the principle of gender equality.

The ban came into force on 21 December 2012, after fierce campaign for UK firms which argued that they were not discriminating between the sexes — but instead were basing their prices on statistics.

Their argument was that as women live longer they pay less for life insurance, and get cheaper car cover because they have fewer accidents. The move to so-called gender-neutral pricing will affect premiums for all types of insurance — including car, life, private medical and income cover.

If you decide to change your car, check with your insurer if the model will have a significant effect on the premium.

Sporty cars can attract a high premium and often a slightly different model or smaller engine can make a big difference in your favour.

It will also probably save you on petrol too!

9. Remember what the garage is for

If your garage is full of junk, clear it out and use it for your car.

Insurers like cars kept in garages overnight and this can dramatically cut your premium.

Aside from the benefit of not having to scrape the ice off in winter, there is a higher risk of theft by keeping the car on the road, so keeping it in the garage will be reflected in your premium.

10. Be a better driver and sign up to a blackbox

Blackbox policies, where the insurer instals a system in your car to monitor your driving, reward those who drive carefully.

Officially called telematics, these check your speed, your handling and how cautiously you drive, and also whether you are on the road at perceived dangerous times – ie the early hours of the morning.

They can cut premiums substantially once you start proving you are a good driver. The biggest win is for those whose premiums are high, especially young drivers.

Protecting Your Car Against Snow & Ice

Snow can be difficult to deal with when you have a car. Especially when it falls in large quantities, you will have to go through the difficult struggle of digging through the snow so you can unbury your vehicle. This is because you need to protect your vehicle from the potential damage that could result from the snow covering your car. At the same time, it’s important for you to avoid having your car encounter unnecessary damage.

If you’ve never driven through snow or dug through to rescue your vehicle, it’s never too late how you can do this. However, you have to know how to do it properly so that you don’t end up with a more problematic vehicle. Here are some things you need to know on how to protect your car against snow and ice:

How to remove snow from your vehicle

When you’re trying to remove snow from your vehicle, remember to never use a shovel. No matter how careful you are about handling the shovel against your car, there is a very thin line between it. Since both metal and plastic shovels still have hard edges, it still is so very easy for your shovel to get too close to your car’s surface. The way these shovels were made to scrape along the ground so that the lowest layers of ice and snow can be removed. When you use it, it could leave a deep scratch or gouge that would be difficult to remove. Or in some cases, you’ll have to spend loads of money to have fixed.

What you can do instead is to use a method or product that has been specifically designed to remove snow from cars. The good news is that there are now so many different products in the market that contain foam heads for specifically pushing off snow from your car without scuffing or scratching the finish.

How to remove ice from your car

Another common problem you may encounter with your car during winter is ice. Compared to snow, just a small amount of ice can equally be as problematic and even be more damaging to your car. Plus, ice is harder to remove. However, no matter how tempting it is, avoid using an ice scraper on your car’s surface other than its windows. This is because its hard plastic was designed so that ice can be scraped off from the windows only. It can be bad on your car’s paint unfortunately.

To remove ice, there are some people who use hot water so that the ice can melt off the car. Unfortunately, this too can be a problem as the sudden change of extreme temperatures could lead to your glass cracking and shattering. And if the temperature is below freezing, the water that drips off to the ground could re-freeze. In the process, it could leave an ice rink on where your car used to be parked.

The best way you can remove ice from your car is to do it with your hands. Make sure to remove large ice chunks slowly by lifting them off of your car. Don’t try to push the ice from your car as its bottom portion could slide on the surface and leave behind fine scratches. You could also turn on your vehicle and allow it to warm up before you drive off. Doing this is an effective way you can melt the ice off slowly without risking the finish of your vehicle.

How to remove salt from your car

While snow and ice are two common problems you may have during winter, salt can also be something that is hard to get rid of. This is particularly applicable to the salt applied to the roads since they could inevitably end up on your car. When left untreated, they could even turn your black car into a dirty white color. In order to get rid of the salt from your car, it is important that you avoid wiping off the salt without washing your car properly first. This is because salt is abrasive and could leave scratches and mars when it rubs into your car’s finish. It could also lead to the corrosion of the exposed metal parts.

To help avoid these problems, the best thing to do with salt is to use proper methods and techniques when you wash your car. Be sure to rinse your car thoroughly prior to washing it right away. This is so you can remove as much of the salt before it rubs into your car’s surface.

Follow these tips so you can ensure that your car will stay protected against the elements during winter season. The best way you can do is to take your car to a professional so you can get the help you need.

Written by the staff at KB Tire & Auto. KB Tire & Auto is the leading expert in auto repair Moberly MO has to offer.


How to Buy a Brand New Car with Bad Credit in Ontario, Canada

Many Canadians are under the false impression that to buy a car with bad credit, you will be stuck browsing used car lots. In reality, buying a brand new car, even with bad credit in Canada, is not only possible, but can be very fast and easy.

While securing a bad credit car loan for a brand new vehicle may be more difficult, there are many advantages to buying new over a used car, or a model from a previous year. These advantages include:

  • Brand new cars are covered by a warranty
  • They haven’t had any time to depreciate in value
  • Zero chance of unreported accidents or damage to the car
  • Guaranteed to run steadily for years
  • Little to no maintenance or repairs needed for some time

Read More on Getting approved for used cars with bad credits in Ontario, Canada.

By eliminating the need for repairs and maintenance at the time of purchase, which most used cars and even previous years’ models require, a brand new car allows you to save money that can be put towards your initial few payments. Plus, if a problem does arise, there is a good chance the vehicle will still be covered under a warranty.

In fact, many lenders will approve new car loans to drivers with poor credit history for many of the same advantages. Since a brand new car has and maintains its value better than a used car, lenders will be able to seize more, if you should default on your payments.

If you can demonstrate to a lender that your poor credit history does not make a risk and you have a steady income to support the monthly payments, many will happily support the financing of your brand new car or truck.

Receive Car Loan Pre Approval with Low Credit Today
Get Your Hands on a Brand New Car Quicker

Finding the Perfect Nissan Family Vehicle

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When it comes to choosing the vehicle that is going to be perfect for the family there are a lot of details that has to be considered. First, making Nissan the 1st choice to consider is a great decision because of all of that Nissan and has to offer which fits the needs of every with each family member. For that perfect Nissan family vehicle for you make sure to check out what offers.

There are so many considerations that include not just the performance of the vehicle but its reliability and its space factors. Safety is always the top priority for virtually any vehicle consumer. One of the best choices in the Nissan line of cars that is regarded as a great family vehicle is definitely the 2015 Nissan Morano. One of the best features that puts this into a good family selection of vehicle will be the spacious cabin that it is composed of. Those that both own and also have seen this segment of your vehicle express how much it reminds them of a luxury interior.

Your vehicle also has the Around View monitoring system which is a superb safety feature. What this will is provides the driver from the vehicle a bird’s eye view of the immediate area surrounding the vehicle. This is vehicle is great for families that want to supply great comfort as well as protection for the family each time they are about and out.

It doesn’t matter whether it is used for crowded city driving or for long stretches with a road trip. It is a vehicle that be counted on in all situations. It possesses everything that the operator of the vehicle requires for their driving responsibility. For the front passenger that is usually mom or dad it is a comfortable setting, and also for the kids that are taking up the back speed seats they love the space and comfort that is being provided to them, no matter how lots of time they will probably be spending inside the vehicle. For a few great family vehicles make sure to check out”

Automotive Engineering Job Description

The automotive industry is an exciting and challenging field fAutomotive engineers work in the motor vehicle industry.or car lovers who want to take the plunge into a professional career. Automotive engineers design, develop and improve vehicles or vehicle components. These engineers solve problems with current systems and design new ones that are functional and innovative. If you have a passion for cars and design, consider a career as an automotive engineer.


  • According to the Occupational Information Network, an automotive engineer designs, develops, builds, tests and modifies models. An automotive engineer designs and analyzes car systems, and designs control systems or algorithms. These workers develop methodologies in calibration, engineering specifications and cost estimates for new car design concepts, and control feature specifications and requirements. An automotive engineer may build models and test them. After testing models, he may modify his designs to obtain a certain level of performance.


  • According to, a salary calculator by, automotive engineers earned an average salary of $83,446. Salaries ranged from below $65,378 to above $118,068.

Industry and Outlook

  • Despite the news of unemployed workers and plant closures, motor vehicle parts manufacturing industry continues to be one of the largest employers in the country, as well as an impacting contributor to our economy, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Almost half of all jobs are located in Ohio, Indiana and Michigan with an increasing number of jobs popping up in the South. Engineers form the largest group of professionals in the motor vehicle parts and manufacturing industry. Employment is expected to decline at a rate of 16 percent through 2018 due to productivity improvements and foreign outsourcing of work.

Hours and Environment

  • According to the BLS, 29 percent of workers in the motor vehicle and parts manufacturing industry work more than 40 hours per week. Overtime occurs during deadlines and peak demand. Engineers can be found in laboratories, offices or industrial plants.

Education and Training

  • According to the BLS, most employers seek at least a bachelor’s degree from entry-level engineering job applicants. An automotive engineer may specialize in mechanical engineering, electrical and electronics engineering or industrial engineering. Depending on what an automotive engineer specializes in, he may have received his degree in that specialty. According to the Princeton Review, some schools offer a major specifically in automotive engineering. Some programs also combine mechanical engineering with automotive engineering.

How to Become a Test Car Driver

Test car drivers take new car models out on the roads and test tracks to make sure that all of the car’s systems are working properly and are safe and reliable before they finally land in a dealer’s showroom and are offered for sale to the public. You don’t need a master’s degree to become a test car driver, but it helps if you have a love for cars and excellent mechanical know-how. Test car drivers typically work for major auto manufacturers, drive at high speeds for several hours a day, and traverse obstacle courses that require expert driving ability and quick reflexes. Test car driving, however, can be a hard field to break in to.
Test car drivers should be automotive enthusiasts.
Step 1:Get a valid driver’s license and at least a high school diploma. Take and pass a driver’s education program and become knowledgeable about car safety and the rules of the road. Although a college degree is not required to become a test car driver, you should have a strong grasp of the English language and have above-average mathematical and technical ability.

Get a valid driver’s license and at least a high school diploma.
Step 2:Enroll in a car mechanic’s course at your local college. Start tinkering with your own car and explore all there is to know about the engine, the interior and chassis components and how they work. Get a job as an apprentice with a reputable auto mechanic and work alongside her to get your hands dirty. While you’re at it, take a course in go-karting to improve your driving skills and techniques.

Enroll in a car mechanic’s course at your local college.
Step 3:Earn an associate’s degree in mechanical or automotive engineering. Although it’s not required to become a test car driver, it can give you an edge by showing car manufacturers that you’re highly qualified for the job. A degree that includes manufacturing and automotive design courses will also give you a distinct advantage.

Earn an associate's degree in mechanical or automotive engineering.
Step 4:Take speech or writing classes to polish up your oral and written communications skills. A test car driver must be able to communicate test data and the results of his observations about a car to company team members in a professional and technically proficient manner.

Take speech or writing classes to polish up your oral and written communications skills.
Step 5:Look into Ford Motor Company’s certification program–the Electronic Driver Certification Tracking System (EDCERTS)–which tests drivers at four different tracks, skills and speeds. You can check out certification and job opportunities at Ford by accessing its website at

Step 6:Contact major auto manufacturers individually to find out if they’re hiring test drivers or to see if you can get your foot in the door in a lower-level job first. Check out employment opportunities at BMW, Chrysler, Ford, General Motors, and Toyota and complete their online applications.

Is Tesla The Future of Automotive Vehicles

The Tesla Model S is one astounding automobile, it is the first premium brand in the electric car industry. Tesla makes the electric car look good in comparison to the Toyota Prius. Tesla makes premium luxury electric vehicles capable of updating and performing maintainance from a simple wi-fi connection. The Tesla Model S comes with a long list of upgrades and features driving the price into the six figure range. The Tesla Model S P85 the top of line model with basic options starts at $85,900. That price steadily creeps up as you add more features and options fully loaded you’re looking at a healthy $118,700. This includes P85+ edition, carbon fiber spoiler, Tesla Red Brake calipers and more…

Now on to the stuff that matters can the Tesla do as well as its gas guzzling counter parts. The base model Tesla Model S sports at 65kWh battery that claims 302hp and 0-60 in 5.9secs and a top speed of 120mph. The mid-level Model S sports a 85kWh battery with 362hp and 0-60 in 5.4 seconds and a top speed of 125mph. Then, the 85kWh performance model with 416hp and 0-60 in 4.2 seconds with a top speed of 130mph. One  thing is clear is that in the top speed group, cars in this price range will out run the Tesla in a long distance sprint. However, the electric battery of the Tesla will give it a distinct advantage in the acceleration area since power is available almost instantly. This is perfect for the average street race from light to light. Then comes the questions that plague all-electric cars, the range and the how long does it take for the battery to load.

The base Model S 65kWh has a EPA range of 208 miles and the 85kWh models have a EPA range of 265 miles. Thais pretty impressive however, if you completely drain the battery and decide to charge you car from a standard wall outlet it will take you over 52 hours to charge. If you use a 240v outlet you can decrease the time down to 9 hours and then the high power wall connector a $2000 extra will charge you car in 4 hours. Tesla is launching its new superchargers across the country which will allow you to fully recharge your car in 1 hours an impressive time. However, you can charge your car from any outlet anytime according to Tesla.

The biggest advantage of owning an Tesla is the zero cost for fuel and other maintainance cost that plague gasoline driven vehicles. The Model S doesn’t need and oil change, spark plugs, filters and more importantly gas. The average savings over a comparable vehicle is approx. $700 plus a healthy federal tax credit for owning an electric vehicle. The ROI on the Tesla is the biggest selling point.


Though there is lots of room for improvement both in battery performance and range the Tesla Model S gives us a glimpse at the future of automobiles that specialize in conversing the environment and reducing the amount of emissions. There still may be issues with charging times and charging locations but with the rapid expansion of the market this should no longer be a large issue in the coming years. The Model S combines luxury qualities plus exciting performance and a great ROI over the years of ownership. The Tesla Model S is a great buy for those who can afford the hefty price and want to do their part in preserving the economy.

Tips for Changing Automatic Transmission Fluid in Ford F-250, Ford Expedition and Lincoln Navigator

Ford Super Duty Trucks and E-Series vans are very similar
Step By Step Instructions Changing Transmission Fluid

This article will be especially helpful for owners of Ford Super Duty Trucks, Ford Excursions, all E-series vans, Ford Expeditions and Lincoln Navigators that are newer than the year 2000. This article will also work for any other vehicle that requires a 4R100 transmission fluid change. It seems as though the need to change the transmission fluid always comes at such an inconvenient time, but as responsible vehicle owners, we realize that it’s a necessary evil. Keeping your Ford transmission healthy can save you a huge headache and expense in the long run.

It is easier than you think to change your transmission fluid, filter and gasket for your Ford F-250, F-350, Excursion, E-Series vans, Expedition and Lincoln Navigator. Changing the transmission fluid on a Ford F-250 is almost the exact same process as a transmission fluid change in a Ford Expedition and Lincoln Navigator. Transmission fluid for E-Series vans is necessary to keep your Ford Truck running smoothly. This article contains tips and instructions for Ford Transmission fluid changes, and is a project that you can do by yourself and save a lot of money. You can buy a Ford gasket online or at your local Ford service center at a reasonable cost. You may also want to consider purchasing Ford Filters in bulk to save you money on your vehicle maintenance.
Do It Yourself Ford Transmission Fluid Change

As we mentioned earlier, owning a vehicle comes with responsibilities, and necessary expenses. One of the most important responsibilities in Ford Truck maintenance is to regularly change your vehicle’s fluids. One of the most important fluids in your Ford vehicle is the transmission fluid. As we know, transmission health can make or break your vehicle, so it’s important to be proactive in ensuring that this maintenance is done as scheduled. If you have an automatic transmission, it is recommended that you change your ATF or automatic transmission fluid every 10,000 miles and change the Ford transmission fluid filter and gasket every 30,000 miles. Use caution when you buy discount auto parts; you may want to stick with brand name supplies to ensure that you are using high quality auto fluids with your vehicle.

When changing your transmission fluid, it is important to have all your supplies on hand before beginning your project as you cannot drive your vehicle to pick up additional automobile maintenance supplies at your local automobile parts store once you have begun. You’d be surprised how many people neglect this simple fact and end up having to either put things back together or get a ride to the nearest auto parts store. Make sure to have two gallons of Mercon Automatic Transmission Fluid or similar item on hand. It is also a great idea to have a quart of Lucas Oil’s Transmission fix. You also need a gasket which will come with the filter when you buy it. All these products are available at auto parts stores such as Pep Boys, Advance Auto Parts, AutoZone, Checker Auto Parts and Napa Auto Parts. Call the auto parts store in advance to make sure that they have the transmission fluid or Ford parts that you will need. You will also need a drain collection pan, a standard socket set and a flat tip screw driver.

Start your transmission fluid change by parking your Ford Truck on a flat surface and engaging your emergency parking brake. Make sure to block your rear tires to make sure your vehicle doesn’t slip while you are working on it. Jack up the front end of your Ford Truck and place it on jack stands.

Locate your transmission pan in your F-250 or other Ford vehicle. It is located just aft of your transmission and will most usually have a drain plug bolt at the lowest point. Place your drain collection pan underneath the drain plug and loosen the plug slowly. Allow the Automatic transmission fluid to completely drain from your vehicle. Once the fluid is drained take the transmission pan off with a your socket set. There is no order in which to loosen or tighten the bolts just make sure not to loose them. Do make sure not to take all the bolts off of just one side and let the pan basically dangle. This could possibly bend the pan and cause damage. If that happens, you will need to find Ford motor replacement parts before you can continue. Instead, carefully remove the bolts and hold the pan up while removing the remaining bolts and lower the pan to the ground.

Clean up the pan with a lint free shop rag and set aside. Remove the filter by pulling down while rotating it gently. If the gasket did not come off with the pan, remove it from the transmission pan housing. If it is fused or stuck to the housing you can carefully pry it off with a flat head screw driver. You can purchase a flat tip screwdriver or other tools at your local hardware store, if you don’t already have one. Make sure to not scratch the housing as it might cause leaks.

Install the new Ford filter and place the new gasket on the transmission pan so that it lines up with the bolt pattern. Hold the pan in place and line the pan up with the bolt holes in the transmission pan housing. Hand tighten all the bolts back in place and use your socket set to tighten the bolts down. Make sure to not tighten the bolts so far that they warp the pan. Once the pan is properly in place, replace the drain plug and tighten it down.

If you are concerned about your transmission it is a good idea to add a quart of Transmission Fix by Lucas. It takes the place of one quart of Automatic Transmission Fluid. Lucas Oil Transmission Fix helps keep the seals from sticking, keeping your transmission running smooth. It’s actually one of our favorite additives; it seems to work wonders. This will help reduce the risk of you needing Ford transmission repair in the future.

Add 5 more quarts of Automatic Transmission Fluid. Start your vehicle and place your foot on the brake while shifting through all gears including reverse and then back up to park. Next, take your vehicle for a short test drive not to exceed 10 miles and see how it rides. You should use this test drive time to check for any leaks and to work the new fluid through the filter. Once you are back at your house, check the transmission fluid level and add fluid as necessary. That’s it! You should be good to go for another 10,000 miles

Auto Repair for Beginners

I found this article by Ken Marlborough and found it to be quite useful!

As a new owner of a vehicle, you must know about auto repair. This way, when your car breaks down, you what you have to do. Many automobile manufacturers and auto parts dealers provide their customers with tips on how to do basic auto repairs.

It is important that you familiarize yourself first with the parts and systems that make up your automobile. Knowledge about how these parts and systems work, and what their optimal performance levels help you master simple auto repairtechniques. If you are aware of how your car functions, you will not have a hard time identifying where a strange sound is coming from and what part of your vehicle is affected.

By knowing the basics, you can perform simple troubleshooting procedures when your car breaks down, instead of sending it to a mechanic right away. You will not have to spend massive amounts of money just to hire a professional for a simple job you can do yourself, such as adjusting a few loose screws or cooling an overheating radiator.

As a beginner in auto repair, you must realize the importance of owning a basic service tool kit. This usually contains wrenches, screws and a jack. If your car stalls on the road, you will most likely need such tools to start it up again. Tools make auto repairs easier because they allow you to troubleshoot hard-to-reach areas.

If you want to learn more about auto repairs for beginners, you can try asking your favorite mechanic for some pointers. You can also try searching the World Wide Web for tips on auto repair. Through a search engine, you can access a wealth of information. Aside from research, you also have the option of signing up for short courses on auto repair.< data-app-id='21213224' data-app='share_buttons' data-title='Auto Repair for Beginners' data-link='' data-summary=''>

Strong Demand to Drive Russian Automobile Market

According to our research report “Booming Russian Automobile Sector”, the automobile industry in Russia has witnessed a sharp recovery during 2010, after the 2009 global slowdown that hit the industry hard. The industry grew in double digits due to the increasing spending power of citizens and the government participation in various forms. The sector is set for another rapid growth phase and will claim one of the top positions on world automobile growth map in coming years. The Russian automobile industry will prove to be a locomotive for global automobile industry with an expected growth of over 32% during 2011-2014.

According to our research, the country will witness a growing market for all sub segments of the market, however the primary driver for overall market will be passenger car segment. Besides this segment, activity in commercial vehicles, i.e. trucks and buses will sustain upward growth trend in the coming years. International export and import activities will also change substantially on the back of reasons discussed in the report.

Further, our report discusses the direction, in which, the automobile and supplementary industries, like tyre and automotive components are likely to move in near term. The report also features forecasts for growth in all market segments, individually, both in terms of sales and production. It also includes changing dynamics of market share among market players and brands. Besides, our report presents information on the regulatory developments in the country’s automobile industry.

“Booming Russian Automobile Sector”, provides latest developments in the automobile sector of Russia. The report discusses all important facets of the industry in detail. Besides, the report analyzes the market drivers critical to the further growth and their impact on the automobile industry. Additionally, the report features business description of key players along with their recent activities. It also sheds light on the emerging market opportunities, which are expected to decide the future of the Russian automobile industry.

For FREE SAMPLE of this report visit:


About RNCOS:

RNCOS specializes in Industry intelligence and creative solutions for contemporary business segments. Our professionals study and analyze the industry and its various components, with comprehensive study of the changing market behavior. Our accuracy and data precision proves beneficial in terms of pricing and time management that assist the consultants in meeting their objectives in a cost-effective and timely manner.

The Complexity Of Automatic Transmission Fluid

Due to popular demand, the automatic transmission is far more commonly used in modern automobiles than the gearbox designs of the past. Most consumers will no longer tolerate these traditional, manual transmissions which require the constant labor of shifting with a clutch and lever. The automatic transmission is the primary source of power distribution between the vehicle’s engine and it’s wheels. Because it is used in the large majority of modern automobiles, both it’s importance and complexity grows with each new vehicle model’s design and production. The automatic transmission fluid used in these designs is no different. The many roles of lubricant, coolant, and hydraulic fluid require it to be as complex and precise as the component itself.

Automatic Transmission fluid, most simply, acts as any other oil in lubricating vital, internal parts from unnecessary metal on metal wear. The heat and friction created from gears and shafts during transmission use is often extremely intense. This means that it’s durability, viscosity index, and capacity to withstand those stresses between drain intervals must be more than just competent. Besides lubricating the internals of an automatic transmission, it’s fluid must flow through external lines to the vehicle’s radiator to be cooled and return to cool the component as well. Along with these other important roles, automatic transmission fluid must act as a hydraulic fluid, transferring engine power from the torque converter and throughout the many tiny passages in order to complete smooth gear changes or shifts. The ability to perform all of these tasks at once requires a complexity like no other automobile component fluid.

This complexity requires low volatility, precise viscosity levels, low compressibility, and a low foaming tendency among it’s many other requirements. These qualities are most easily found in the synthetic fluids created by engineers for superior, molecular uniformity and stability. Synthetic automatic transmission fluid can be created more specifically than conventional, petroleum based oil for it’s wide variety of required tasks. They also hold higher durability ratings and contain special, friction modifier additives which help performance under extreme stresses. Synthetic products, such as Amsoil’s synthetic universal automatic transmission fluid, can be used in a large number of vehicle applications and produce far better results than conventional, mineral based fluids. It provides higher levels of thermal and hydraulic stability and performs better under extreme, external temperature settings. Synthetic, automatic transmission fluid is quite simply a better application for the newer, more complex automatic transmissions currently being produced for consumer satisfaction.

Most vehicles built today use an automatic transmission rather than a manual gearbox because of higher consumer demand. Their design is becoming increasingly smaller and more complex to deliver smoother shifts and higher performance. The automatic transmission fluid used for lubrication and hydraulic purposes in these designs has become more necessary for their protection and correct operation than ever before.

How to Write a Job Objective on a Resume for an Automotive Technician

The resume objective is your opportunity to summarize what youSpecify systems you are trained in in your objective. can bring to a job. It is where you briefly explain what automotive repair experience and education you have and tell the employer what specific job you want. It is also where you concisely state your qualifications and certifications. Keep your objective under three lines of text to make it easy for employers to read and know what kind of job you are looking for.


  1. Summarize your experience and qualifications at the beginning of your objective. For example, if you are certified as an Automotive Service Excellence (ASE), you might state, “ASE Certified automotive mechanic with five years of experience diagnosing, repairing and maintaining automotive systems seeks position as lead shift technician.” Stating your experience in your objective lets an employer immediately know how well you are qualified from the first lines of your resume.
  2. State what position you want in the objective. Avoid being vague in your objective. Do not, for example, write, “Seeking position where I can grow professionally in a team-oriented environment.” Tell the employer exactly what job you want instead of leaving him wondering if you would even want the types of positions he has open. If you are replying to a specific job advertisement, insert the title of the job into your objective exactly as it is written. If you are looking for a more general position, include the title you are most interested in working. For example, you might write that you seek a position as an entry-level technician.
  3. State how you can benefit the employer’s business in your objective. Avoid focusing on what type of work environment you want or what an employer can do for you. For example, write, “Automotive mechanic seeks technician position where my experience and training in hybrid technology can increase the customer base of the repair facility.”
  4. Mention other qualifications you have in your resume objective that relate to being an automotive technician. For example, you might include your excellent communication skills in explaining customers’ vehicle problems and repairs to them, or your reputation for honest dealings with all customers. Also, include information on specific make and model systems training and experience you

About Car Detailing

About Car Detailing

There is nothing like having a clean car. While anyone can simply clean his vehicle, it takes a lot of time and effort to get the car to look as if it just came off the showroom floor.

Detailers take great time and effort to ensure that your car looks its finest. Detailing is more than just washing the exterior and vacuuming the carpets. It’s about getting into every nook and cranny and removing dirt and grime that have built up over the years–thus restoring the car to showroom quality.


  • Auto detailing is done for different reasons.

    The art of car detailing is said to have started in Southern California, though no one is quite sure exactly when. Detailing is defined as thoroughly cleaning a vehicle inside and out, in addition to applying wax and polishing the vehicle, thus producing a level of detail that would be deemed show-quality.

    The practice of car detailing has spread throughout the United States and has become more than just a fad. Currently, over 50,000 detailers exist across the country, and these individuals rake in approximately $100,000 a year in detailing sales.


  • Polishing chrome is a big part of detailing.

    Sometimes an individual will have his vehicle detailed simply because he wants a clean car. At other times, detailing becomes a very serious business, especially when the person having her auto detailed intends to enter it in a car show. In car shows, a vehicle is often judged partially on how well-kept and clean it appears. One such car show that is devoted mainly to the appearance of cars is the Concours d’Elegance, sometimes referred to as the Concours.


    • Detailing takes time and a lot of hard work.

      There are different methods of auto detailing. One is exterior detailing, which includes waxing, claying, correcting paint defects and polishing the exterior of the vehicle.

      The second type is interior detailing. Interior detailing typically involves liquid cleaners and brushes. Every surface within the interior of the car must be cleaned, from the dashboard, console and visors to the instrument panel. Vacuuming is performed as well.

      The third type of detailing has to do with the engine: It involves removing grease and dirt from the engine bay with all-purpose cleaners and de-greasers.


    • Though it would appear that detailing covers every aspect of cleaning a vehicle, it does not encompass considerations like upholstery work, painting, body work or mechanical repair.

      The purpose of detailing is to bring out the vehicle’s appearance potential via the polishing and waxing of exterior paint, wheels and chrome, and by giving the upholstery and seats a thorough cleaning.

      Depending on the detailer, a customer might also be able to purchase undercoating services (including rust-proofing) and interior sealant. Some detailers even repair convertible tops or vinyl upholstery. Most do not, however, and will usually refer you to professionals who specialize in such repairs.


    • Most auto-detailing shops are in remote locations. Because most detailers are not businessmen but craftsmen, they do not typically advertise their services aggressively. You are most likely to find an auto detailer working in a mechanic’s garage, or perhaps out of a private residence. Mobile auto detailing is also becoming increasingly popular, as it allows the owner to have his vehicle professionally detailed without ever having to leave home or the office.

How to Detail a Car

Even if you’re not preparing for a special event, detailing your own car can be a rewarding experience. You’ll also save money and may even come out ahead by discovering a treasure trove of change rivaling that in your couch. Here are a few tips on how to get started.

  • Detailing the Inside

      • 1

        Vacuum the carpets and floor mats thoroughly.

      • 2

        Remove carpet and floor mat stains caused by the soft drinks or coffee you spilled when you hit that speed bump. Use either a mild soap solution or a commercial stain remover. If needed, use a brush to remove the sticky matter that you can’t and don’t want to identify.

    • 3

      Clean the upholstery the same way you cleaned the carpet. If using a commercial stain remover, make sure it is appropriate for the upholstery. Destroying your expensive leather seats by using an overly harsh solvent may cause a lot of damage.

    • 4

      Clean out any dirt from the doorjamb, carefully wiping with a soapy solution and a rag. For the tighter areas and smaller parts, you may need to use a small brush or a cotton swab.

    • 5

      Clean the interior of the door with a soapy solution and a soft rag. For those areas encrusted with heavy, slimy, ugly muck, a commercial cleaning fluid may be needed. Since some door interiors have silly and useless ornaments, cotton swabs or a toothbrush may be needed to finish the cleaning process. Use a soft cloth to dry the door.

    • 6

      Clean the interior windows with a commercial window cleaning fluid.

    • 7

      Clean the steering wheel column with your soapy solution, cotton swabs, and toothbrush. Both the steering wheel and the steering column should then be covered with a spray-on surface protectant.

    • 8

      Clean the dashboard and center console with the soapy rag–you may need to use the cotton swabs and toothbrush.

    Detailing the Outside

    • 1

      Wash your car in sections. A typical car can be washed in five sections.

    • 2

      Use a detergent made specifically for automobiles so you don’t damage the finish. A soft washing cloth or chamois should also be used. The amount of water used during the process should be generous, and if using a bucket of water and not a hose, when the water becomes moderately dirty, it should be changed.

    • 3

      Rinse the car after washing. This removes detergent from sitting on the paint and promoting oxidation. Dry the car thoroughly using the softest towels you can find.

    • 4

      Clean the wheels and tires separate from the rest of the car. Wheels and tires can be quite dirty and covered with brake pad dust, a heavier detergent specifically for wheels and tires may be needed. There are a number of tire treatment products on the market. They also require more time, and this breaks up the rhythm of washing, which could possibly lead to the drying of detergent on the exterior surfaces of the car.

    • 5

      Wax your car using a polish with a high Carnauba content. Liquid and paste waxes are superior to thinner spray-on waxes. One application of wax is sufficient. Excess wax should be removed with a very soft cloth.

    • 6

      Clean the exterior glass using a glass cleaning fluid. Newspaper does a good job of polishing glass.


Tips & Warnings

  • Sometimes, the only way to remove dust from small recessed areas is the use of canned air like that used to clean computers.
  • There are many types of wheels. It is best to check manufacturer recommendations for suggestions regarding their cleaning.
  • If you have been tooling through the countryside in the summer, cleaning the windshield glass may require more than simply cleaning and polishing away water streaks. A rubber spatula is sometimes helpful removing dead bugs.
  • It’s crucial that you don’t spray commercial cleaning fluids or slosh the soapy water solution all over the dash board. This area of the automobile contains electrical switches as well as your sound system.
  • A chamois should not be used to dry the car because small particles can cling to it and scratch the surface.
  • You should not wash or wax your car in direct sunlight. Soap suds and wax will dry quicker and sunlight can promote water spotting.

Cars Most Commonly Involved in Lemon Law Cases

With the current economic climate, there are many Americans who are in the market to purchase a new vehicle at an alarmingly discounted rate. While the price tags on many luxury and standard vehicles may look appealing, it’s also important to review these potential purchases against lemon law cases. Here are five cars most commonly involved in lemon law cases.

Lexus Car Troubles

According to various lemon law reports, the luxury brand Lexus is a repeat offender. Many consumer complains include problems with front passenger power seat capabilities, driver’s side air bag deployment, seat belt tension, accelerator pedal becoming temporarily stuck under the carpeting floor mat, headlights and lamps, fuel systems and exterior lighting. These problems exist over a number of models in years and makes.

Land Rover Range Rover Suspension and Steering Issues

Many drivers view the Land Rover Range Rover as a luxury SUV, along as one of the safest and most versatile vehicles on the road. The Range Rover is powered by 282 hp, 4.4 liter V8 engine along with a five-speed automatic transmission. Along the lines of passenger safety, the Range Rover offers emergency brake assist, skid-correcting dynamic stability control and electronic brake-force distribution. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), common problems of the Land Rover Range Rover include failures of air suspension, steering column issues, problems with auto gearbox, transmission problems and stalling problems. Other common consumer complaints include stalling and parking brake issues.

Mercury Lemon Cars

Mercury is another top offender when it comes to faulty vehicles. For example, in recent years, the Mercury Sable has had many complaints, ranging from faulty seats, engine and cooling systems on certain vehicles with air filters that can smolder or burn, faulty windshields, malfunctioning stop lamp switches and wiring, recalled seat belts and even problems with the power train automatic transmission. Problems have risen with the Mercury Sable from models from 1986 through 2004.

Cadillac Fuel Filter Issues

Cadillac is also on the top of the list of repeat offenders with their vehicles and have been reportedly involved in a number of California lemon law cases. The Cadillac Allante had a particularly dangerous fault to its design when certain replacement fuel filters were sold for use on this vehicle and certain school busses. The connector on the fuel filter was not manufactured to certain specifications, and as a result, the O-ring may not have been seated correctly on the fuel line. This condition may have been able to cause an inadequate seal at the connection, which could have potentially leaded to a fuel leak. In the presence of an ignition source, a fire could have occurred. This same issue arose in other models, including the Cimarron, Deville and El Dorado.

Ford Paint Defects

In the 2000 through 2005 models, Ford issued a Technical Service Bulletin that showed a major paint defect in large Ford, Lincoln and Mercury cars, trucks and SUVs that used aluminum body parts, which resulted in a reduction of vehicle weight. Affected models are the 2000-2004 Crown Victoria, Taurus, Expedition, F-150, Ranger; Mercury Grand Marquis, Sable; Lincoln LS, Town Car Navigator and the 2000-2005 Explorer and Mercury Mountaineer. The bulletin stated a bubbling or blistering under the paint on the aluminum parts due to iron contamination on the aluminum panel.

2 in 1 Automatic Transmission Fluid Exchange System

The TransTech IV combines both Inline and Dipstick capabilities allowing for the two most common methods of ATF exchange from a single machine. With both Inline and Dipstick services together in one cabinet, TransTech IV occupies reduced floor space with minimal investment while providing service to a wider variety of vehicles.

While many Technicians prefer the inline exchange method, it’s not always easy to access transmission cooler lines or safely remove corroded fittings. There needs to be a convenient yet effective ATF exchange alternative – and now there is. The dipstick option is most users requested. It’s like getting two machines in one. The machine also allows the operator to perform a flush on the transmission cooler and cooler lines.

The user interface has been designed to allow any operator to feel comfortable using the machine for the first time. Every component has been carefully selected by the design team for optimum performance using patented technology for a more complete ATF exchange.

Automatic Inline Exchange – Connect to a transmission cooler line and press one button. Walk away until the service is complete.
Dipstick Exchange – A convenient dipstick tube exchange requiring no tools or adaptors.
Drain Pan Feature – Allows operator to drain transmission pan for a convenient and mess-free filter change.
Tranmission Cooler Flush Feature – Allows operator to flush transmission cooler and cooler lines.
Patented Level Synchronization – Ensures the transmission cannot be under or overfilled.
Automatic Bypass – Ensures that transmission will not run out of fluid during the exchange process.
26 Quart (24.6 L) New Fluid Reservoir – Allows user to service large capacity transmissions.
High Volume Pump – For rapid and efficient service.
Compact Cabinet – Designed for ease of storage.
Complete Adapter Kit – For servicing most domestic and foreign vehicles.
2 in 1 Automatic Transmission Fluid Exchange System

Inline Exchange – This conventional ATF exchange method provides an effective transmission flush by connecting directly to the transmission cooler lines. New fluid flows through the transmission as old fluid is directed into the TransTech IV waste tank in a 1 to1 ratio. Vehicle-specific adapters are included for a perfect fit meaning less mess and zero waste.

Dipstick Exchange – TransTech IV features a convenient Dipstick option that allows an effective ATF exchange through the transmission dipstick tube. This useful alternative is suitable when cooler lines are corroded or difficult to access.

The user interface has been designed to allow any operator to feel comfortable using the machine for the first time:

Mode Button – Allows the operator to select the required service.

Drain & Fill Buttons – Allows for quick adjustments in ATF level

Deadly 60k Porsche Maintenance

This one can be a killer; my friend has a 2003 Boxter S that he had most recently purchased and had no idea that he was in for$1,295.00 60K maintenance. He called us to see who might be able to help him with his scheduled Porsche repair in Denver and so it started a whole research project for us. The 60,000 mile maintenance for Porsches is definitely one of the largest expenses as far as the maintenance is concerned.


In calling several of the local Porsche repair shops in Denver we learned that you do not need to go to a dealer for this maintenance and that it could be completed by any Porsche technician. The next question was “who was the most qualified and least expensive technician to go to”. I started by calling Stevenson Porsche to find out the cost of this scheduled maintenance, and without any delay they were able to give me a price of $1,295.00 (just the cost of a small mortgage). I guess it is important to know that this is definitely the most in-depth service compared to the 15,000 or 30,000 mile maintenances. The 90,000 mile maintenance includes all of the following:

Major maintenance at every 60,000 miles/96,000 km

Diagnosis system: Read out fault memory

Underside of vehicle and engine compartment: Visual inspection for leaks (oils and fluids) and chafing (wires, lines, and hoses)

Coolant hoses: Check condition

Radiator: Visual inspection for external soiling

Coolant: Check level and antifreeze

Particle filter: Replace filter element

Fuel system: Visual inspection for damage, correct routing, and firm seating of the line connections

Power-assisted steering: Check fluid level

Parking brake: Check free play of the parking brake lever

Brake system: Visual inspection of the brake pads and brake discs for signs of wear

Brake hoses and lines: Visual inspection for damage, correct routing and corrosion

Brake fluid: Check level

Clutch: Check play or final position of pedal

Throttle actuation: Check smoothness of operation, full-throttle position with the tester

Steering gear: Visual inspection of the bellows for signs of damage

Tie rod ends: Check play and dust bellows

Axle joints: Check play, visual inspection of the dust bellows for signs of damage, check tightness of screw connections on the suspension adjustment at the front and rear

Drive shafts: Visual inspection of the boots for leaks and signs of damage

Exhaust system: Visual inspection for leaks and signs of damage, check mounts

Tires and spare wheel: Check condition and tire pressure

Door locks, lid locks and safety hook of the front lid: Check to ensure that they are seated firmly and function properly

Safety belts: Check operation and condition

Vehicle lights: Check operation

All headlights: Check setting

Horn: Check operation

Windshield washer, headlight washer: Check fluid level and nozzle settings, make sure to check the antifreeze during winter months

All other electrical equipment as well as indicator and warning lights: Check operation

During road or dynamometer test:Brake pedal and parking brake (also operating travel), engine, clutch, transmission, automatic speed control, steering system, heating, air-conditioning system, and instruments: Check operation

Oils, fluids: Visual inspection for leaks

Replace Polyrib belt

So it is quite intensive and definitely worth the investment as it is strongly recommended by Porsche.

In calling the independent Porsche repair shops we decided to go online and search for “Porsche Repair in Denver”, after deciding that Stevenson might be a little on the “high” side.

DART auto Porsche VW Audi Service – www.dart : Was my first call, I talked with a receptionist who explained that the “Service Writer” was busy and would call me back. I still have not received a call back, when I do I will update this post to let you know the price of the maintenance. Ultimately I did not want to send my friend to a garage that wouldn’t even return a call so I continued the search. If you wanted to call this shop you could contact them at (303) 296-1188, I could not locate any information through the Denver BBB for this company, according to the Colorado Secretary of State the company has been in business since 2001. Not much else I could tell you here.

Avalon MotorsportsHere I talked to a fantastic service writer, unfortunately they were not handling Porsche repairs at the time. In maintaining transparency with me, he told me that he simply did not have any technicians that specialized in Porsches there at the time. They are one of the first websites that pulled up on Google, and their website does claim that they handle Porsche Repairs in Denver it must have been a little out of date. Brian the Service Writer referred me to RS Motorsports. He explained to me that if anyone was qualified to handle this kind of service, it would be Brian of RS Motorsports. (303) 400-3001. Although they were not handling Porsche repairs at the time I would definitely want to go back, seemed like a solid group there.

RS MotorsportsI called Joel at RS Motorsports and was able to reach him right away. He of course knew Brian at Avalon Motorsports and told me that he would be happy to help. I asked him for a price on the 60,000 mile maintenance for my friends Boxter S and he explained that the full service would be $900.00 which was $395.00 less than the dealership. He was right on the money as my call to Stevenson earlier was exactly $1,295.00. According to the Better Business Bureau RS Motorsports, Inc has a BBB rating of A- and has been in business since July 2002. You can see theirBBB report here. You can call Joel Stallbaumer at 303-432-8989 or visit their website at

Autoworks ColoradoMy last contact was Mark Zalmanek at Autoworks. Like the others he also shows up on the first page of Google for “Porsche Repair in Denver”, ultimately he has several reviews which all seemed excellent. In talking with Mark I could hear the experience in his voice as he explained the service to me in detail and explained that the service would be $800.00. Out of all the shops, Autoworks has the highest BBB rating with an “A”, you can see their BBB profile here. Also it seemed that he has been in business the longest, according the BBB report Autoworks has been in business since 1994. Reaching Mark was simple, and he was extremely cordial.

Overall it seems that Autoworks Colorado not only had the most competitive price, but the most experience in the business and longevity. Needless to say I recommended that my friend go to Mark Zalmanek at Autoworks Colorado. I will definitely post again and let you know about the experience!

8 tips for negotiating a car trade-in

You’ve decided on a car trade-in. Although you realize selling your car yourself will net you the best deal, the one-stop shopping convenience of buying a new car and trading in the old at the dealership appeals to you.

The trouble is, dealers have experience on their side, and extracting the best deal takes research, savvy and a bold approach. Below are the eight best ways to navigate a car trade-in:

1. Research the value. There are numerous Web sites where this information is available, including, says Philip Reed, senior consumer advice editor at in Santa Monica, Calif. You also can visit Kelley Blue Book, AutoTrader, and the National Automobile Dealers Association, or check for similar cars being auctioned on eBay. If you have a CarMax store nearby, take your car there for a free appraisal.

Karla Emerson, an auto deal negotiator in Washington state, suggests taking your car to three or four used car lots currently selling vehicles similar to yours and see what they will give you for the car.

After you’ve checked these resources, you’ll be armed with the high-end and low-end sale values for your car. When the dealer asks what you want for your car, hit them with the high end of a realistic price, says Reed.

2. Make sure the time is right. Convertibles don’t sell well during Seattle’s gray, winter months, but four-wheel drive vehicles do, Emerson says. Likewise, if you owe more on your car trade-in than you think you’ll get from a dealer, you’re in a very weak bargaining position, according to Reed.

“Follow the news and trends,” says Mark Scott, spokesman for in Atlanta. “When gas prices go up, people demand more fuel-efficient cars and the values of trucks and SUVs go down.”

3. Spruce up the car. Give the car the equivalent of “curb appeal” so the potential buyer’s initial reaction is positive.

Emerson, who was a car saleswoman for 13 years, says you should rid the car of any pet or smoke odors. If needed, take it to a dealer or a detail shop and ask for an ozone generator to remove unpleasant smells.

“Remove all your personal items, wash it and vacuum the inside,” says Reed. “There should be nothing to stand in the way of the car dealer visualizing your car on his lot.”

4. Show your records. If you’ve kept all the maintenance records on your car, take them with you and ask the dealer if you can get more for your car because of them, says Scott.

5. Negotiate the new purchase and car trade-in separately. Conventional wisdom dictates that each transaction should be treated separately. However, rather than negotiating the new car price first, Reed suggests you start the deal with the car trade-in, especially if you have a fairly sought-after car. One way to find out is to put up an ad on and see what kind of responses you get. Leave off your phone number if you like and just use the e-mail address, but see how many people bite.

“The trade-in is the weakest part of the deal. But if you have something desirable, the only reason the dealer won’t take it is if he already has two or three of the same vehicle on his lot,” says Reed.

6. What should you say? Start your negotiation by letting the salesperson know you’ve done some research, says Scott. “Say something like, ‘I was researching cars online to see what I can get for this car,’ not ‘it’s worth $4,000 and not a penny less,'” Scott says.

7. Avoid game playing. Reed says some unscrupulous car dealers have been known to throw your keys on the roof so you can’t leave until you drive off in a new car.

“Avoid all this game playing, and don’t surrender your keys,” says Reed. “Make a phone call before you go, ask the used-car manager what the value of your trade-in is. If you get a negative feeling on the phone, you’ll want to scratch them off your list and save yourself a trip.”

8. Explore the tax advantage. All but eight states allow you to pay sales tax on the purchase price of the new vehicle minus what the dealer is giving you for your car trade-in. The reduction in sales tax in states with rates of 9 percent to 11 percent can be substantial.

How to Mix Acrylic Enamel For Automotive Paint

Acrylic enamel automotive paint dries to a high gloss shine without a clear coat.

Acrylic enamel automotive paint is a popular choice and an improvement on the older acrylic lacquer paints. The enamel paint is more durable and easier to apply than acrylic lacquer paints. Acrylic enamel automotive paint is a single stage paint, meaning no clear coat is needed because it dries to a glossy shine. Acrylic enamel cannot be sprayed on a car alone. Add reducer and a catalyst to the paint before it is sprayed on a vehicle.


  • 1. Place a measuring cup on a flat surface. Pour the desired amount of acrylic enamel paint into the cup, leveling the amount off at a specific measurement mark so you know the exact amount. Write down the exact measurement and then pour the paint into the clean paint can.
  • 2. Add the reducer to the empty measuring cup. The amount of reducer depends on the amount of paint used. The ratio for acrylic enamel paints is 8 parts paint, 2 parts reducer and 1 part catalyst. If you use 8 ounces of paint, add 2 ounces of reducer to the measuring cup, making sure it is level with the measurement line. Pour the measured reducer into the paint can with the paint.
  • 3. Pour 1 part catalyst or hardener into the measuring cup, keeping the levels accurate and according to the mixture ratio of 8:2:1 of paint, reducer and catalyst. The catalyst, or hardener, is added to the acrylic enamel paint to make sure it dries completely. Without the catalyst, the paint and reducer would never fully dry. Add the amount of measured catalyst to the mixture in the paint can.
  • 4. Mix the mixture of acrylic enamel paint, reducer and catalyst very well. The better the three products are mixed together, the easier and smoother the paint can be sprayed onto the car. Pour the mixture into a paint gun or put a lid on the can until it is needed.

Transmission Repairs By AAMCO

Servicing your vehicle is like feeding your hungry dream machine. It is very important for the performance of your auto. Transmission repairs are a one-stop shop for all your servicing needs. If you have any problems with the alignment, engine, brakes or wheels, then this is the right place to call. They look into all types of repairs and can fix the most complicated auto problems. This company is a certified Eco-Green shop. They are easily available online too and you can book an appointment with them from the comfort of your home.

Transmission repairs have a limited time offer. Currently they are offering Free 71 -Step Check worth $ 85. This company has been in the business for more than 40 years and they are industry experts. They service more than 1000 vehicles within one year. They have a full service shop, which is capable of servicing any automotive need that you might have. They have several experienced technicians as well as full time transmission builders. They build transmissions that last long. There are some more outstanding features of this company that deals with automatic transmissions.


Eco friendly products: As much as possible, the service provider tries to use eco-friendly solvents. They also try to recycle their fluids, filters and containers. In fact, this company is one of the first 50 shops to offer Eco Green E85 conversion kits.

Free service: They offer a 36 Step Protect Check and 71 Step TranScan check. You can avail these offers, just give them a call and find out more about it.

Warranties: Transmission repairs accompanied with warranties can make a huge difference to your experience. Depending on your needs, there are different types of warranties like 90 day limited warranty for minor service, warranty for electronic components, warranty for manual transmission repair, and warranty for automatic transmissions, lifetime coverage and mile coverage for automatic transmission and so on.

Priority partners: There are discounts for fellow local businesses and their employees. They offer a priority partner program that enables you to enjoy savings on all your automotive needs.

Coupons: Automatic transmission repair will cost much less, if you use coupons. These coupons are valid at select service and can be availed online. There are different types of coupons like car rental coupon, oil lube and filter change coupon, and the likes.

This company can be trusted for all types of jobs like transmission repairs, automatic transmission repair, manual transmission repair, complete car care, rebuilding, maintenance services, PA state inspections, emissions testing, extended warranty work, tune ups, flushes and much more.

Updating your knowledge about automotives can help you maintain the vehicle in good condition. Read some tips online to keep your automobile in good condition. Maintenance is very crucial. It not only improves performance of the vehicle but also improves the engine life. Routine transmission repairs and maintenance are necessary for the smooth functioning of your vehicle. Caring for your car should be a routine activity. Do not ignore or overlook the need for minor repairs, since it may lead to serious damage to the vehicle.

ist of Automotive Dealership Jobs

Working at an auto dealership is often characterized asThere are a variety of opportunities working for a car dealership. standing in the snow and selling a rundown used car. But with today’s dealerships come huge showrooms and modern repair facilities and body repair shops. Many dealerships keep up with the times and hire skilled workers in a variety of fields, from parts managers to sales managers to auto technicians.

Sales Managers

  • Sales managers play a crucial position in selling vehicles and maintaining profitability at the dealership. This includes new and used car departments. Sales managers have an understanding of the auto market and manage sales personnel. Customer relations skills are also a must. You must display a high level of ethics and morals when selling vehicles that people are to rely on. Sales managers create sales forecasts regarding operating profits and expenses. You hire and oversee sales staff and work with them to meet goals. Sales managers oversee the standards of merchandise relative to new and used vehicles, such as tires and tow kits. You work with the dealership’s general manager on sales promotions, lease promotions and advertising plans. Sales managers usually have at least two years of sales and management experience.

Service Adviser

  • A service adviser works with customers to schedule appointments for routine vehicle maintenance and repairs. The service adviser communicates with customers to provide auto technicians the problem overview. You greet customers, estimate the cost and labor for the repair, work with the client’s schedule and deal with complaints. Service advisers usually have at least two years of experience in a dealership service department and have Automotive Service Excellence certification.

Parts Manager

  • A parts manager maintains the dealership’s inventory while providing a profit from the department. Your duties include purchasing, inventory control, merchandising display and staffing. The parts manager hires, trains and monitors staff. You oversee an annual budget and work with collision repair and service departments to ensure accurate inventory. The manager creates competitive price points for high customer satisfaction. You should have one year of supervisory experience and experience in the automotive field.

Master Technician

  • A master technician makes auto repairs in the dealership’s service department. Technicians diagnose and repair unique problems rather than working on basic service or repairs. You use computer systems for diagnostic checks. Duties include examining vehicle wear, conferring with customers about vehicle problems and assisting lead technicians in recruiting and hiring trained professionals. You keep the shop clean and safe for high-quality service. Technicians should be certified by the National Institute of Automotive Service Excellence and have at least 10 years of automotive technician experience.

Why Online Car Sales is Better than The Auto Dealer

Auto Dealers are finding selling their vehicles online hit or miss at best. Auto Trader and Ebay along with Smart Auction from General Motors are offering some of the best options to an Auto Dealer. Why is it that less than 10% of the vehicles listed online are actually selling? There are plenty of companies offering solutions but none seem to be working on a consistent basis. What about the dealer with an internet department? Is he any more successful?

Internet selling has gotten to be big business for the local Auto Dealer. Large or small dealers have different needs but the same outcome. Selling successfully online is a necessary addition to their bottom line and overall sales numbers. Each and every dealer, no matter the size, needs to be able to sell effectively online.

The time and money that selling online costs the Auto Dealer can be a lot less than classic print, radio and television advertising. So why has the local dealer stayed away from selling online? Most are intimidated by a market that is selling less than 10% of the vehicles that are listed in a medium they do not understand.

Selling online needs an expertise that most dealers lack. Some dealers lack the size to handle supporting an internet department. There are companies out there that are offering a total solution to online sales. These companies can handle an effective, profitable internet department for each and every dealer, no matter the size.

A comprehensive internet strategy is needed to sell effectively online. A good consulting firm that brings expertise in auto sales, internet sales and technical computer skills. All of these skills are needed by the dealership to handle selling online effectively. When a dealer sells online effectively, profits and sales soar.

Accomplishing a comprehensive plan to sell online is being offered by very few companies in today’s market. What a dealer needs to look for is a consulting firm that is grounded in all three areas of online sales. Consulting firms that have Auto dealer experience, online sales experience and technical experience with building the software to accomplish an ease to selling online are necessary to meet the goal for the average dealer. These areas all need to be addressed to make a dealer self sufficient in online sales.

Dealers have found that keeping inventory fresh and up to date on their websites can be time consuming and not a profitable endeavor. Profitability in today’s market is essential to a dealer whether small or large. Online solutions are costly and hard to come by, but essential to a dealership.

Is there a solution? Hiring a company with auto experience, internet experience and technical experience is what the smart dealers are doing. Sell through ratios of these companies need to be checked and a company chosen that will effectively sell vehicles time and time again. There is a secret to selling online that major dealers and small dealers alike have found. To sell effectively online you need the right consulting firm to handle the details, leaving dealership personnel free to handle the sales. Sales are a given when the right online sales consulting firm is left to handle the management of online sales strategies. Hiring the right consulting firm for your online sales is essential to successfully selling online. These companies can accomplish positive online sales results more cost effectively than the local Auto Dealer.

How to Become a Car Magazine Test Driver

Becoming an automotive test driver is not easy. There is no set path or perfect resume. If there were ever one requirement however, it’s to have a deep passion for cars and to be able to convey that passion through your work

The Ford GT is one of the few true American supercars.


  1. Get passion. No career is worth going after with no passion behind it. Especially in the enthusiast automotive journalism field, passion is a must. Passion isn’t something you learn or gain; it’s something that’s virtually innate and which develops your entire life. For anyone looking to get involved in car testing, a passion for cars is what will drive you forward and lead you to a successful career.
  2. Get educated. There is no strict set path, degree, or way to prepare for a career as an automotive tester. The best that can be done is to try to build a resume and to gain experience in as many aspects involved in being an automotive tester as possible. Being an automotive tester requires many skills, ranging from engineering know-how to journalism experience and the ability to interestingly, entertainingly convey information that is sometimes very technical to the average person. Car magazine editors and testers include people with degrees in journalism, graphic design, engineering, and other fields.
  3. Get involved. Any opportunity that comes about that could you help prepare for this career should be pursued. These opportunities range from building a car to getting involved in race teams to taking a specific automotive course and more. It is important to build a resume with as many relevant activities as possible. Even if the experience isn’t exactly in automotive testing, take it. Writing for a newspaper, a blog or any sort of publication is useful experience and will teach you how publications are run and how to improve your writing skills and style.
  4. Get to know cars. As much fun as it might seem to thrash a car and smoke the tires, car testing is much more than having a heavy right foot. Testing a car on a race track is a great way to test sports cars’ performance and handling, but to thoroughly test a car it needs to be judged from many different angles. What is the purpose of the car? Judging a Toyota Prius for its speed doesn’t make sense because a car needs to be judged by what it was designed to do. Know what a car’s purpose is and test against that. Keep things relevant to what the car is designed for, and let the important factors stand out. Two other things to consider when trying to judge and write about a car are the car’s primary competitors and how the car makes you feel while driving it.
  5. Get lucky. Many car magazine test drivers got their first job as a “motor gopher” or “road warrior” simply by applying for the job and getting lucky. Their job was to wash cars, fill them with gas, drive them to photo shoots, and even look good in them while photographers shoot the cars. Many road warriors have turned that first car magazine job into careers. Some people join car magazines by excelling in other careers, such as copy editing or magazine production or photography. You won’t get hired by a car magazine if you don’t apply for a job there.

Acquire Auto Repair Guide And Make Fixing Your Car Easy


With the current economic situation, many car owners are looking for ways in which to decrease the amount of money that they spend on their cars each year. Things like driving more economically and performing simple engine checks do help, but the one biggest thing they can do is to learn how to perform their own auto repairs. Most garages will charge a fair amount for most common auto repairs, but once labor charges and tax are included, the bill soon adds up to a small fortune. Hence it is very cost effective if one starts using an auto repair guide which can teach you ways to maintain your car in the perfect condition.
Auto repair guide usually tell you how repairs are done on all major parts of an automobile including the brake system, cooling system, electrical system, engine system, A/C-heat system, body and exterior, exhaust system, fuel system, steering and suspension system, and drive train. They also help you find quality used auto parts. At the most basic level, general auto repair guide walk you through some of the most basic maintenance and repair processes that are common to all vehicles. If you are new to auto repair, these may help you a lot.
If you own a car, you know that it can be very expensive. Between maintenance costs, such as oil changes and tire rotations to car repair, costs can really add up. Mechanics can cost a fortune and you do not even know if they are doing the job to the best of their ability and really doing the best they can to take care of your car. The only way to really make sure that the job is done properly is to do it yourself. You do not have to be a mechanic by trade to do it yourself. You can implement the knowledge given in the car repair books and learn the methods to resolve car issues easily.
The first step in any car repair is about knowing what the problem is so that you can fix it properly. Some problems are going to be easier to diagnose than others. The key here is to knowing what the problem is. This, of course, is going to take some knowledge. You will have to take the time to research the problem. Use your resources to the best of your ability. Scour the internet and choose the best car repair books which will come handy and help teach you ways to mend your automobile easily and effectively. The most important thing here is to realize that you need to be willing to learn and apply the ways given in the books.
Many automobile lovers have the desire to repair their car’s themselves to save time and money. They are aware that automotive repair books make life much simpler for them. The manuals have diagrams that make repairing their automobile much easier. The manuals provide the person who has a desire to repair their own vehicle information on the maintenance, repair and service of their automobile. The step by step instructions give you the ability to repair your vehicle as if an expert. The colorful illustrations will give you the mindset of a professional. The books are convenient and will save you much time, energy and money.

How to Make Money Scrapping Auto Batteries

Old auto batteries cannot simply be thrown away becauseMake Money Scrapping Auto Batteries they contain toxic substances, such as acid and lead. The lead makes them valuable to scrappers, though. So you can provide a service and earn money at the same time by collecting old auto batteries and selling them to a recycling facility.


  1. Locate a place to store the auto batteries. In order to make money scrapping old auto batteries, you must collect enough to make it worth delivering them to the scrapping facility. You need an appropriate place to store them, such as a concrete-floored garage or shed. Old auto batteries can develop acid leaks, so they should be kept concrete to in case of a leak. Do not store them outdoors or you may run into problems with local zoning laws.
  2. Place an ad on Craigslist for your local area, post notices on bulletin boards and spread the word among friends and co-workers. Most people like to support recycling efforts, so they may be happy to give you old auto batteries if they know you’ll be recycling them.
  3. Find the local recycling facility that offers the most money for scrap auto batteries. Auto batteries are purchased by scrappers because they contain reusable lead. If you have more than one facility in the area that purchases old auto batteries, compare the amounts they pay. Weigh this against the distance you must travel to deliver the batteries, as gas costs can offset a higher pay rate if a facility is too far away.
  4. Once you have gathered a full load of batteries, bring them to the recycling facility. Wear safety glasses and gloves when handling the batteries to protect yourself from possible acid leaks. Protect the hauling vehicle by covering the cargo area with a plywood board covered by a tarp. This should be enough to protect the area from acid during transit. If they become damaged, they are easily replaced. Drop the batteries off and collect your cash.

Research on Car Automatic Transmission Industry in China, 2013-2017
According to the statistics, the proportion of MT (manual transmission) type and AT (automatic transmission) type is 6:4 in current passenger cars in China, of which, 89% of the high-end passenger cars are equipped with automatic transmission, and this proportion for medium-end passenger cars and economic-type household passenger cars is 40% and 10% respectively.

In 2012, the supply volume of China’s car automatic transmission was 6.2095 million units, increased by 7.16% over 2011. From 2008-2011, the supply volume of this market showed a rapid growth trend; whereas, the growth rate started to slow down in 2012.

In current domestic transmission market, the joint venture brands are the main force, accounting for 45%; followed by foreign brands with the proportion of 32%; and the market share of domestic brands is only 23%. In this field, the imports increase continuously, and the import amount has reached USD 6.44 billion in 2012 from USD 480 million in 2001.

Currently, accelerating the R&D and industrialization process of China’s car automatic transmission industry has become a key point to change the imported products-dominated situation, as well as an urgent task for China’s automobile industry.

Table of Contents

1. Product Overview of Car Automatic Transmission 1.1 Product Introduction 1.1.1 Definition 1.1.2 Property 1.2 Product Classification and Representative Vehicle Types 1.3 Basic Principle 1.3.1 Basic Principle of Hydraulic-controlled Automatic Transmission 1.3.2 Basic Principle of Electronic-controlled Automatic Transmission 1.3.3 Overview of Constituent Parts of Automatic Transmission

2. Status Quo of Foreign Car Automatic Transmission Industry

3. Environment of China’s Car Automatic Transmission Industry 3.1 Economic Development Environment 3.1.1 Economic Development Status 3.1.2 GDP 3.1.3 Investment in the Fixed Assets 3.1.4 Total Import and Export Amount and Growth Rate 3.2 Industrial Related Policies, Standards, Laws and Regulations 3.2.1 Related Policies, Laws and Regulations 3.2.2 Standards

4. Status Quo of China’s Car Automatic Transmission Industry

5. Analysis and Forecast of Market Supply and Demand 5.1 Supply Analysis 5.1.1 China’s Car Output, 2008-2012 5.1.2 Structure of Automatic Transmission Product Market 5.1.3 Structure of Automatic Transmission Brand Market 5.1.4 Supply Volume, 2008-2012 5.2 Supply Forecast 5.3 Analysis and Forecast of Market Demand

6. Import and Export of China’s Car Automatic Transmission Industry 6.1 Import and Export Volume and Amount 6.2 Sources of Import Sorted by Trade Value 6.3 Destinations of Export Sorted by Trade Value

7. Technological Development of China’s Car Automatic Transmission Industry 7.1 Status Quo 7.1.1 AT (Automatic Transmission) 7.1.2 AMT (Automatic Mechanical Transmission) 7.1.3 CVT (Continuously Variable Transmission) 7.1.4 DCT (Dual Clutch Transmission) 7.2 Difficulties for Development of Self-owned Brands 7.2.1 Master and Control of Dynamic Characteristics of Wet Clutch Engaging Process 7.2.2 Control System and Actuator of AMT 7.2.3 Basic Principle Master of CVT Metal Strap Driving 7.2.4 CVT Metal Strap Manufacturing is a Key Technology 7.2.5 Design of CVT Electro-hydraulic Control System is a Difficulty 7.2.6 Hydraulic Valve Body Assembly and Electronic Control Unit are the Key Points for DCT Development 7.3 Strategy for Technological Development

8. Key Enterprises in China’s Car Automatic Transmission Industry 8.1 ZF Transmission Shanghai Co., Ltd. 8.1.1 Company Profile 8.1.2 Business Performance 8.1.3 Competitive Advantages 8.2 Harbin DongAn Automotive Engine Manufacturing Co., Ltd. (DAE) 8.2.1 Company Profile 8.2.2 Business Performance 8.2.3 Competitive Advantages 8.3 Hunan Sino-German Automobile Automatic Transmission Co., Ltd. (SGT) 8.3.1 Company Profile 8.3.2 Business Performance 8.3.3 Competitive Advantages 8.4 Tianjin AW Automatic Transmission Co., Ltd. (TAW) 8.4.1 Company Profile 8.4.2 Business Performance 8.4.3 Competitive Advantages 8.5 AW Suzhou Auto Parts Co., Ltd. 8.5.1 Company Profile 8.5.2 Business Performance 8.5.3 Competitive Advantages

9. Development Trend of China’s Car Automatic Transmission Industry 9.1 Forecast of Market Development 9.1.1 AT Market 9.1.2 AMT Market 9.1.3 CVT Market 9.1.4 DCT Market 9.2 Technological Development 9.2.1 AT 9.2.2 AMT 9.2.3 CVT 9.2.4 DC

10. Investment Suggestions from Industrial Experts 10.1 Competitive Level 10.2 Conclusion and Suggestions

Companies Mentioned

ZF Transmission Shanghai Co., Ltd. Harbin DongAn Automotive Engine Manufacturing Co., Ltd. (DAE) Hunan Sino-German Automobile Automatic Transmission Co., Ltd. (SGT) Tianjin AW Automatic Transmission Co., Ltd. (TAW) AW Suzhou Auto Parts Co., Ltd.

Car Maintenance Checklist

All automotive manufacturers have their own maintenance procedures and schedules, which vary based on the brand of vehicle, types of drivetrain and engine construction, as well as the year model. Advances in metallurgy and the chemicals used in the fluids and lubricants drive many of the variations in maintenance. Due to these changes, refer to your owner’s manual or other factory service literature for your model- and year-specific procedures and fluids. In spite of these differences, though, there are general maintenance points and procedures that have more or less remained constant across the industry and the years

Engine and Drivetrain Fluids

  • Your engine oil and transmission fluid are the primary concerns here, but there are a host of other fluids that are also critical to the drivetrain. Regularly check the level and condition of the power-steering fluid, brake fluid, engine coolant and hydraulic clutch fluid, where applicable. Inspect the rear differential fluid on rear-wheel-drive vehicles, as well as the front differential and transfer case on four-wheel-drive vehicles. Replace these fluids at the intervals specified by your owner’s manual.

Engine Wear Points

  • In addition to the fluids, there are mechanical components on the engine which will wear and fail over time. Among these are the air filter, PCV valve, breather element, drive belts, spark plugs and plug wires. Check all of these components regularly, and adjust them if needed and replace them when they display signs of excessive wear.

    Chassis Maintenance

    • The body and frame of your vehicle has a number of crucial maintenance points. Chief among these are the tires and brake calipers, pads, shoes, rotors and drums. These are especially important for safe driving, and in many states are included in annual inspections. Regular tire rotations will maximize tread life. All of these components must be within their service wear limits and in good operational condition. If you have an older car, your undercarriage may have a number of grease points called Zerk fittings that you will need to grease occasionally. These Zerks will be mounted in points that allow relative motion of suspension components, such as ball joints and tie-rod ends, as well as in the U-joints in the driveshaft. Many newer vehicles do not have Zerk fittings, and require no grease service.

    Service Intervals

    • General service intervals would have you changing the oil every three months or 3,000 miles on older vehicles, with a longer interval on newer vehicles. Using synthetic or semi-synthetic engine oil can also extend the interval beyond what would normally be appropriate if you were to use conventional oil. Many modern vehicles use an oil-life monitor to dictate the interval on your engine oil changes. Automatic transmissions generally need a drain and fill and filter change every 30,000 miles, but it is important that you do not allow the automatic transmission fluid to go more than around 100,000 miles without being changed, or you will cause significant damage when you do change the fluid. You never need a flush — just a drain and fill. If you let someone flush a transmission that is running very old fluid, it can destroy the transmission within the next few thousand miles. Check all of the other service and wear points whenever you perform a full oil and filter change.

Overwhelmed Challenges in the Automotive Industry

In Automotive Industry first major barrier that had to be overcome was the speed. The first motor vehicle constituted a breakthrough at the time, however it soon became apparent that it was a really useful invention was necessary to get more speed, which would result in a decisive advantage over the carriages of the time driven by animal traction. Appeared along with speed the issue of autonomy as a basic need to cover long distances once without having to constantly refuel. This problem was solved with the invention of the internal combustion engine based on liquid fossil fuels, beyond the crude steam engine originally drove these vehicles.

The first cars did not have enough to hold more than one occupant space. Gradually the designs have evolved to be able to carry more people. Hence, the next challenge was getting the car became a marketable vehicle scale, around which generate a whole automobile industry. In this sense, in the 50s and 60s of last century began to be marketed vehicles low cost, small size and affordable for all families to have a utility prices. Into the 70 and 80 represented the main challenge safety. Increasing the speed at which vehicles could circulate increased significantly, so a fundamental need was to design systems for both active and passive safety that allowed lead following traffic criteria. At this time began to be installed security systems such as the lateral rebar systems and antilock braking wheels called “ABS”, standard on cars of German origin and subsequently incorporated into many other models. Later, with the advent of computerization of cars appeared various electronic systems that were much safer driving. Systems such as the “Airbag” “ASR” or “ESP” that are totally everyday carry all soon be operational.

At present, the main challenge for automotive industry engineers and designers is none other than the reduction of fuel consumption. The introduction of new environmental and economic criteria mainly led builders to design ever more efficient engines with lower fuel consumption and emissions without compromised performance. However, in parallel to the evolution of vehicle maintenance thereof has been gaining importance and more costly and complicated. Changing the battery in car or engine oil no longer be simple tasks to become increasingly specialized repairs.

Automotive, became one of the most profitable sectors, but also the most competitive accordingly. From this new paradigm that changed the world of manufacturing also has been many years until the current process in which the major brands are established in places where labor is cheap and the price of land is very low. And thus controlling the distribution chain a tremendously profitable business is achieved.

How To Escape a Speeding Ticket By Getting Away With A Warning

Learn the tips on how to act when stopped by a police officer and what to say to increase your chances of getting away with a warning and not being ticketed. If you want to save yourself from the worries and expenses of dealing with a speeding ticket then after reading this article you’ll know what to do when stopped by an officer.

If a police patrol car pulls up behind you with lights flashing, the key to the next few minutes is keeping things safe for you and the police officer. Slow down and carefully pull over to the right shoulder, making sure to use your turn signal.

If you are uncomfortable stopping in a relatively unpopulated or unlighted area, slow down, turn on your hazard lights and indicate by a hand signal that you are going up ahead. Then pull over as soon as you get to a more populated area. Police officers understand this concern.

If it’s nighttime, turn on your dome light once you have stopped. Stay in the car, unless you are told to get out. It’s a challenge to the officer when you get out since officers are very cautious because of the high rate of attacks in these situations.

Roll down the window and keep your hands in view on the steering wheel. If you have to get your driver’s license, registration or insurance card from the glove box, a purse or other enclosed area, tell the officer before you do it.

The key is to play it cool and keep it safe. The easier and safer you make the process for the officer to approach you the more likely the officer will let you go just with a warning and not assign you a speeding ticket.

Now what to say to the police officer?

Of course the process of keeping it safe for the officer is only half of the game. Next you have to persuade officer to let you go with a warning.

The first thing the police officer will ask you after stopping your car will probably be whether you know why you have been stopped.

Police officer will want you to admit that you were speeding and that is what most drivers do – they admit that they did actually speed and they receive a speeding ticket for it. A speeding ticket not only costs them $150 but you are also dealing with your insurance premiums.

Most people get pretty nervous when they got stopped by an officer. The secret is to stay calm, speak to the officer in respectable tone and politely ask whether the officer can let you go with a warning.

The first question the officer will probably ask is whether you know why you have been stopped. You basically have 3 things to say:

1) Admit that you were speeding. The good side is that you are being honest and the officer appreciates it. You may have a chance that the officer will let you go with a warning.

The bad side is that if you get assigned a ticket and you had admitted that you were indeed speeding then it will be used against you at court. Officers usually take notes on what you say. So if you feel that you will get assigned a speeding ticket then you really shouldn’t directly admit that you were speeding.

2) Deny that you were speeding. This approach usually creates tension between you and the police officer. If you don’t have a reasonable argument to convince the officer that you weren’t speeding then you will get assigned a ticket.

The good side for this approach is that you will have more chance to beating your speeding ticket at court, since you didn’t admit that you were speeding.

3) Don’t admit that you were speeding but neither deny it. This approach may actually be the best one. When the officer says that you were stopped for speeding you can say: ‘Oh, I see…’ and then you can, in a respectful voice, give an excuse to an officer that you didn’t notice your speed bar or was too tired after work or any other excuse that doesn’t sound right downright lies.

You can learn a lot more of effective tactics to on how to persuade a police officer to let you go with a warning and successfully beat the speeding ticket at court from:

Everything You Must to Know About Car Batteries

Knowledge is power when it comes to your car’s battery and electrical system. In fact, it’s your ride’s heart and soul. The last thing you want is to be left stranded with a dead battery. The more you know about your battery and electrical system, the less likely you’ll get stuck. At Firestone Complete Auto Care, we’re here to help you understand just what’s going on with your vehicle’s battery and electrical system.

On average, a battery will last 3 to 5 years, but driving habits and exposure to extreme elements can shorten the life of your car battery. At Firestone Complete Auto Care, we offer a free battery check-up with every visit to our store. This is a quick diagnostic check to estimate the temperature at which your battery may fail. It also gives you some idea how much battery life you have left. One little test tells you if your battery is good to go.

Battery Knowledge

How exactly does a car battery work?

The car battery provides the jolt of electricity necessary to power all the electrical components in your vehicle. Talk about a pretty huge responsibility. Without battery power, your car, as you’ve probably noticed, won’t start.

Let’s take a look at how that powerful little box works:

  • A chemical reaction puts your car in action: Your battery converts chemical energy into the electrical energy necessary to power your car, delivering voltage to the starter.
  • Keep the electric current steady: Not only does your battery provide the energy required to start your car, it’s also stabilizing the voltage (that’s the term for the energy supply) in order to keep your engine running. A lot’s riding on the battery. Call it the ‘little box that could.’

The car battery may be small, but the power it provides is huge. Test your battery now with our Virtual Battery Tester.

Find the right Interstate Battery for your specific vehicle, at the right price — right now.

How do Interstate batteries compare to other car battery brands?

We stock these quality brand batteries — and install them too.

  • Manufactured by Johnson Controls: the world leader in battery quality with 80+ years of innovation.
  • Interstate is #1: Interstate Batteries are the #1 automotive replacement batteries in America with 15 million batteries sold every year – the quality and reliability is in the numbers.

Symptoms & Procedures

Are there any warning signs that may indicate my battery is on the fritz?

“If I only knew sooner.” We’ve all been there before. Fortunately, there are various indications and symptoms that your battery may need replacement:

  1. Slow engine crank: When you attempt to start the vehicle, the cranking of the engine is sluggish and takes longer than normal to start. You’d best describe it as the “rur rur rur” starting noise sound.
  2. Check engine light: The check engine light sometimes appears when your battery power is weak. Strange system indicator lights–such as check engine and low coolant lights–could mean there’s a problem with your battery. (It could also just mean you need more coolant).
  3. Low battery fluid level: Car batteries typically have a part of the casing that’s translucent so you can always keep an eye on your battery’s fluid level. You can also inspect it by removing the red and black caps if they are not sealed (most modern car batteries now permanently seal these parts).
    • Bottom line: If the fluid level is below the lead plates (energy conductor) inside, it’s time to have the battery and charging system tested. When fluid levels drop, it’s typically caused by overcharging (heat).
  4. The swelling, bloating battery case: If your battery casing looks like it ate a very large meal, this could indicate a battery gone bad. You can blame excessive heat for causing your battery case to swell, decreasing your battery life.
  5. Eww, there’s a stinky, rotten egg smell: You may notice a pungent, rotten egg smell (sulfur odor) around the battery. The cause: Battery leaks. Leaking also causes the corrosion around the posts (where the + and – cable connections are located.) The gunk may need to be removed or your car may not start.
  6. Three years + battery age is considered an old timer: Your battery can last well beyond three years but, at the very least, have its current condition inspected on a yearly basis when it reaches the three year mark. Battery life cycles range from three-to-five years depending on the battery. However, driving habits, weather and frequent short trips (under 20 minutes) can drastically shorten the actual life of your car battery.

How do I determine if my battery is too old?

For one thing, you can check the four- or five-digit date code on the cover of your battery case. The first part of the code is key: look for the letter and digit. A letter is assigned to each month — you know, like A for January, B for February and so on. The number that follows nods to the year, as in 9 for 2009 and 1 for 2011. This code tells you when the battery was shipped from the factory to our local Interstate Battery wholesale distributor. The additional digits tell where the battery was made. Car batteries last, on average, three- to-five years. Mind you, there are also weak battery signs to watch for, like a slow engine crank of low fluid level. If your battery case is swollen or bloated, there’s a smelly rotten egg scent coming from the battery or your check engine light appears, trouble may be beyond the bend. And if it’s over three years old? Consider it time for close monitoring. That’s what we’re here for.

Electrical Systems

Can a bad battery harm the charging system or starter?

You bet. If you have a weak ankle, you tend to overcompensate and put more weight–and stress–on the healthy ankle. Same concept with a weak battery. When you have a weak battery, your car ends up putting additional stress on healthy parts. The charging system, starter motor or starter solenoid can be affected.

These parts can malfunction because they’re drawing excessive voltage to compensate for the lack of battery power. Leave this problem unresolved, and you could wind up replacing expensive electrical parts–typically without warning.

Quick Tip: Our Electrical System Check makes sure all the necessary parts are drawing the correct voltage. We’ll know right away if there’s any weak parts that may need immediate replacement. Don’t leave your car’s power to chance, you may end up paying for it later.

How do you know if your alternator isn’t giving your battery enough electricity?

  • The electrical system is possessed. Strange flickering lights or warning lights such as ’Check Engine’ flicker, disappear, and then reappear again. All these malfunctions usually start occurring when the car battery is nearly drained and struggling to provide power. If the alternator is faulty, your battery will no longer receive a charge and is moments away from being totally kaput.
  • The Slow Crank. You’re starting your car, and it keeps turning and turning, eventually starting–or not. This could mean your alternator isn’t charging your battery properly. If you start experiencing the possessed electrical system as well, please stop in to the nearest service facility. Your car could be moments away from a dead battery and alternator.

Let’s review: All the above happens when the battery is not receiving a charge (due to a faulty alternator). Your battery will continue to drain. When it drains completely…well, we all know what happens next: curbed car. And neither you, nor us, want you to go through that.

Quick tip: The sooner we can inspect your vehicle, the less likely you’ll face every drivers’ biggest fear–a car that won’t start. Drive with peace of mind.

Automatic Transmission Diagnose By Symptom

Transmission Noisy, Other Than Valve Resonance

1 Check for gear noise to verify if within normal range.
2 Check linkage for proper adjustment, wear, or damage.
3 Check fluid for proper level and/or contamination.
4 If fluid level is low, add specified fluid to bring level within cross-hatched area at operating temperature.
5 If fluid is contaminated, disassemble, clean, and service transmission, flushing torque converter and cooler.
6 Perform Stall Test. If noise does not stop, proceed to step 7. If noise stops, proceed as follows:
Run transmission in all gears and check for noise.
If noise does not stop in any gear, remove speedometer gear and check for noise. If noise stops, replace speedometer gear.
If noise stops in Low and R only, service forward planetary and/or one-way clutch.
If noise stops in 2nd, High, and R only, service reverse planetary.
If noise stops in High only, service both planetary sets.
7 Check extension housing bushing, seal or propeller shaft.

How to Flush an Automatic Transmission System

If you have ever looked through your car’s owners manual, it probably says that the car is maintenance free in a lot of areas. In fact, newer cars may even advertise you never have to change things like the automatic transmission fluid. I would not suggest you follow that advice. Engines create a lot internal heat because of the friction of the churning of the engine inside the torque converters, clutch plates, gears and bearings. This friction, or grinding, is what accumulates tiny bits of debris that eventually leads you back to the car lot to buy another automobile.

Most mechanics recommend you the change the fluid and filter every 30,000 miles for older vehicles.  Newer cars that run on Dexron III ATF are supposed to be able to go 100,000 miles

before you need to flush and replace the fluid.

If you are interested in flushing all of the old automatic transmission fluid out of your engine, the following process explains how it can be done in your garage, even by a novice mechanic, and save you money.

I should note that the following procedure was performed on a 2000 Nissan Maxima, but the procedure applies to all vehicles. I suggest you look online for a forum dedicated to your type of vehicle if you have any questions.
How to Flush an Automatic Transmission

The first thing you need to do is go and get all of the materials you will need for the transmission fluid change because once you get your car jacked up and start emptying it out, there is no stopping and going back to get what you forgot. Well, unless you have another car.

First make a list of what you need. I recommend starting out with 10 quarts of AT fluid. My preference is Mobil 1 Synthetic, but you will also want to buy some regular type of fluid, meaning less expensive, because you will be using it to flush out the old fluid, then replace, then flush again, then replace.

So rather than using the expensive synthetic fluid to flush the old out, use the less expensive fluid first, and end the process with the Mobil 1 Synthetic Automatic Transmission Fluid which is the fluid that will remain in the engine.
Now You Are Ready to Begin

Jack up either the front or drivers side of the car and put jack stands underneath the car.

Remove the drivers side engine undercover that protects the bottom of the engine. Be careful not to break the grommets that hold the cover in place.

Remove the drain plug from transmission and drain fluid into a proper container. This will drain approximately 4 quarts.

Insert the drain plug back into the pan and tighten.
Pour the same amount (approximately 4 quarts) of new transmission fluid into the transmission. The transmission should now be back to stock level.

Disconnect the fluid supply line at the bottom of radiator. This is the bottom line connected to the transmission. Be very careful removing this line, it’s very easy to break the hose nipple on the radiator.

Note: If the transmission fluid comes out of the bottom of the radiator instead of the hose you are holding you have the wrong line. Hook that one back to the radiator and remove the other one.

Put the end of the hose into a clean, clear or white plastic 1 gal container. While you are holding the hose get someone to start the car until the transmission pumps out approximately 2 qts  and the gallon container is half full. This should take 15-20 seconds.

Flush 2 quarts at a time to prevent draining the transmission. Remember, you are only taking out 2 quarts at a time from a system that holds 10 quarts.
Refill with 2 fresh quarts of fluid after taking out 2 quarts.  By only removing 2 quarts at a time, it allows the transmission to remain filled with enough fluid to prevent damage and also have enough new fluid in it to “push” the old fluid thru the converter and out the return line as you go.

Repeat the previous steps until fluid changes color. Since you already put 4 qts in initially and the transmission holds 9 qts we are talking about approx 5 qts.  If you buy 10 quarts and repeat the process 2 to 4 time, it will ‘push’ out all of the old fluid.  If your fluid is in fairly good condition the color change will be very small and may not be noticeable, so stop at 10 qts.
Remember to use the Mobil 1 Synthetic last when you are finished flushing it through the hose.
Reinstall the hose to the radiator.

Replace the engine cover, and lower the car.

Check the transmission fluid level by removing the dipstick to make sure you have the correct amount in the system.
Summarizing the Process

What you have basically done is removed all the fluid from the pan and the internal pump and system and replaced all fluid internal to the transmission without shocking your transmission  like the force flush machines do at the automotive shops.

This is much simpler than it sounds. I personally use clean, empty water  jugs and compare the fresh fluid level in one jug with the level of old fluid in the other jug so that I could replace the old fluid with the exact amount I took out. It is ok to eyeball the 2 quart level. Just refill the same amount, then repeat the drain process, then add another 2 quarts. The entire process should take about 30 minutes, less if you have a helper.

Automatic Car Starters and Manual Transmissions

3600584969_7179306883_z.jpg - Image courtesy of WatSuonDok, via Flickr (Creative Commons 2.0)

Question: Can a car with a manual transmission use an automatic car starter?

One of my neighbors had a remote starter installed recently. At first I thought it was kind of silly, but I have to admit that I’m getting more and more jealous as the temperature steadily drops. Maybe it is silly, but every time I climb into my freezing cold car, I can’t help but think about how great it would be if it was toasty warm instead.
The only problem is that my car has a manual transmission, and I’m not sure how that would work with an automatic car starter. Is it even possible to get one of these wonderful devices installed in a car that has a manual transmission? And if it is possible, is it safe?


First of all, you are correct on two main points: it is great to jump into a warm car on a cold morning, and a manual transmission is one of the main complicating factors in remote car starter installation. In fact, off the top of my head, there are three main factors that can throw a wrench in the process: an engine that uses a carburetor instead of fuel injection, factory anti-theft devices (i.e. “chipped” keys), and manual transmissions. Each of these complicating factors presents a unique challenge, but the good news is that it’s possible to overcome every single one of them.
Problems with Automatic Car Starters and Manual Transmissions

There are two main issues with manual transmissions that an automatic car starter has to address.

The first is that vehicles with manual transmissions won’t start unless the clutch pedal is fully depressed. This is due to a “clutch interlock” mechanism that is designed to prevent the starter from activating unless someone has pushed down on the clutch pedal.

The other main issue is closely tied into the clutch interlock mechanism. Since it’s necessary to bypass this mechanism in order to remotely start the engine, you could run into trouble if you accidentally leave the vehicle in gear when you shut it off. Although it’s unlikely that the engine will actually be able to start under those conditions, it very likely could lurch forward (or backward if the transmission is in reverse.) If the parking/emergency brake isn’t set, that could result in the vehicle rolling into a building, a roadway, or even hitting a pedestrian.

That means there are actually three things that an automatic car starter has to do if it is installed in a vehicle that has a manual transmission. It has to:

disable the clutch interlock
verify the transmission is in neutral
verify that the parking brake is activated

Solving the Automatic Car Starter Manual Transmission Problems

The simplest issue to take care of is the clutch interlock switch. In order to bypass the need for someone to actually depress the clutch pedal, the automatic car starter has to be wired into the clutch interlock. When you press the start button, the device will then disable the interlock before activating the starter. In a similar process, the device can also be wired to the same parking brake switch that activates the parking brake light on your dash. If that switch isn’t activated, the remote starter will be disabled entirely.

The issue of verifying that the transmission is in neutral is more complicated, and there have been a number of “solutions” throughout the years. Most of these so-called solutions were overly complicated and prone to failure, but modern automatic car starters take advantage of a lot of years of trial and error.

There are a number of ways to ensure that the vehicle is in neutral, but one of the safest involves a multi-step that essentially makes it impossible to accidentally start the vehicle when it is in gear. This setup involves wiring the remote starter in such a way that when you park your vehicle, you push a button on your remote, shut off the key, and the engine keeps running. You then get out of the vehicle and shut the door. The automatic car starter is also wired to the door switch, which signals it to shut the engine off. Since the engine was running when you took your foot off the brake and got out of the car, it has to be in neutral at that point, which means it will be safe to start later on with the remote.

As an added security measure, a system that is set up in this manner will “reset” if the door is opened again prior to activating the remote. That essentially means that if anyone opens the door (and potentially shifts the transmission into gear), the automatic car starter will be deactivated.
Other Automatic Car Starter Issues

Some vehicles present more of a problem than others, but a skilled technician will typically be able to find a safe workaround in just about any case. For instance, some manual transmission vehicles are designed so that the key can only be removed when the transmission is in reverse. That obviously won’t cut it for an automatic starter, but a knowledgeable technician will typically be able to alter the wiring to make it work.

Other vehicles that have carburetors or anti-theft devices require additional equipment and work, and some are best left in the hands of professionals, but even if there isn’t an off the shelf remote start kit that works, there’s almost always a viable solution available.

How to Add Water to a Car Battery

Most vehicles have what is known as a maintenance-free car battery, which is permanently sealed and never needs water. If you do not have a maintenance-free battery, then you regularly must fill it with water


  1. Turn the car engine off. Open the hood of the car and locate the battery. Remove the vent caps from the battery. Clean the battery surface top before opening the inspection caps to avoid getting dirt and debris into the car battery.
  2. Check the water level in each cell of the battery. Use only distilled water when filling a car battery. Using anything other then distilled water will cause permanent failure of your battery.
  3. Add water to the battery to bring the level to just below the bottom of the cell inspection hole. Do not over fill the water level. This can cause the acid water mixture to leak. Flush any spilled acid water mixture with fresh water. Put the vent caps back onto the battery.

Toyota Etios Liva – A Review by

Toyota Etios Liva is an entry-level premium hatchback which has been popular for its spacious and comfortable interiors. This article will give you an insight of how this car is and how different it is from other hatchbacks.

The Etios Liva made its debut in 2010. The year 2014 saw a revised model of the Liva.

For those who are familiar with the sedan cars of Toyota will find that this car has minimal styling features. The chrome finish on the Etios Liva gives this hatchback the real feel of a sedan. The car has a front smiling grille. An elegant chrome strip below the rear windshield makes the Etios Liva stand out. The three-dimensional lamps make the car more pleasing to the eye.  The top variant of Etios Liva has 15-inch wheels, while the lower-variant has wheels of 14 inches. The car has body colored rear side view mirrors.  The chrome strips on the door handles enhances the look of this car.



The interiors are plush with comfortable seats in dual tone. The speedometer and trip-meter are placed on the dashboard on a stylish instrument panel. Etios Liva has a three-spoke steering wheel in dual tone. The Etios Liva has an air conditioning system that is powerful and its multi-directional vents really make the interiors cool.  The air conditioner does have a clean air filter too.  This hatchback comes with power windows, power steering, rear defogger and remote central locking for maximum driving and travelling comfort. It also has dash integrated music system, steering mounted audio controls for more convenience.  The car has a 2-DIN music system with FM and MP3 consisting of 4 speakers.

This car has 7 variants which are namely J, G, G special edition, V, VX, D-4D GD and D-4D GD SP special edition. It is offered in 7 colors which are Vermilion Red, Celestial Black, Serene Bluish Silver, White, Symphony Silver, Harmony Beige and Ultramarine Blue.

The Toyota Etios Liva comes in both petrol and diesel versions. The petrol engine is a 3NR-FE 4-Cylinder 1.2 L (1197 cc) 16V, DOHC engine and generates 80 bhp @ 5600 rpm and 104 Nm. The diesel engine is a 1ND-TV 1.4 L, SOHC engine and can produce a maximum power of 68 bhp @ 3800 rpm with a maximum torque of 170 Nm.

Known for taking measures for passenger safety, Toyota has given this car an energy absorbing body shell, driver and passenger airbags, and ABS with EBD. It has a 5-speed manual transmission gearbox to enhance its performance. The Etios Liva has a great fuel mileage of 17.71 kmpl and this is ARAI certified.

The Toyota Etios Liva is priced between Rs. 4.40 and Rs. 6.90 lakh

For more information on new cars & bikes log on to Cars expert &

Automotive Engineering Job Description

The automotive industry is an exciting and challenging field for car lovers who want to take the plunge into a professional career. Automotive Automotive engineers work in the motor vehicle industry.engineers design, develop and improve vehicles or vehicle components. These engineers solve problems with current systems and design new ones that are functional and innovative. If you have a passion for cars and design, consider a career as an automotive engineer.


  • According to the Occupational Information Network, an automotive engineer designs, develops, builds, tests and modifies models. An automotive engineer designs and analyzes car systems, and designs control systems or algorithms. These workers develop methodologies in calibration, engineering specifications and cost estimates for new car design concepts, and control feature specifications and requirements. An automotive engineer may build models and test them. After testing models, he may modify his designs to obtain a certain level of performance.


  • According to, a salary calculator by, automotive engineers earned an average salary of $83,446. Salaries ranged from below $65,378 to above $118,068.

Industry and Outlook

  • Despite the news of unemployed workers and plant closures, motor vehicle parts manufacturing industry continues to be one of the largest employers in the country, as well as an impacting contributor to our economy, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Almost half of all jobs are located in Ohio, Indiana and Michigan with an increasing number of jobs popping up in the South. Engineers form the largest group of professionals in the motor vehicle parts and manufacturing industry. Employment is expected to decline at a rate of 16 percent through 2018 due to productivity improvements and foreign outsourcing of work.

Hours and Environment

  • According to the BLS, 29 percent of workers in the motor vehicle and parts manufacturing industry work more than 40 hours per week. Overtime occurs during deadlines and peak demand. Engineers can be found in laboratories, offices or industrial plants.

Education and Training

  • According to the BLS, most employers seek at least a bachelor’s degree from entry-level engineering job applicants. An automotive engineer may specialize in mechanical engineering, electrical and electronics engineering or industrial engineering. Depending on what an automotive engineer specializes in, he may have received his degree in that specialty. According to the Princeton Review, some schools offer a major specifically in automotive engineering. Some programs also combine mechanical engineering with automotive engineering.

How to Service a Harley-Davidson

Properly service your Harley for safety and reliability.

Harley-Davidson publishes well-defined maintenance schedules and service intervals in every service manual. The maintenance schedule is based on years of experience with the product and is designed to keep the bike operating at peak efficiency while maintaining the safety of the rider. Properly following the service intervals and performing the maintenance will help prevent costly engine damage and unsafe riding conditions. The maintenance schedule is the same across the recent model families and years, although the actual procedures will vary depending on year, model and engine family.

5,000-Mile Service

1. Remove the engine oil drain plug and drain the oil. Replace the drain plug gasket and install the drain plug. Twist the engine oil filter off the filter base and discard the filter. Lubricate the filter gasket with a light coat of fresh engine oil. Spin the filter onto the base until the gasket makes contact, and then turn it an additional one-quarter turn. Refill the engine oil. Perform the oil change every 5,000 miles.

2. Remove the air cleaner filter and inspect it for damage or clogging. Gently blow the filter out using compressed air to remove excess dirt and replace it if damaged. Do not bang the filter against a hard object to dislodge debris.




3. Inspect the tires for damage or tread wear and replace as necessary. Check the tire pressure and adjust as necessary.

4. Readjust the clutch every 5,000 miles according to the procedures for the year and model of your Harley.

5. Inspect, adjust and lubricate the throttle, clutch and brake controls every 5,000 miles. Remove tension from the cables and remove the cables from the throttle grip and clutch lever. Install a cable lubricator tool on the end of the cables and then spray lubricant into the cables. Reinstall and adjust the cables according to specification for your year and model of Harley.

6. Check the level and condition of the brake fluid in the master cylinder reservoirs. The type of brake fluid required for your Harley is embossed on top of the master cylinder reservoir cap.

7. Inspect the brake pads for wear. Replace the brake pads if the friction material reaches 0.04 inch. Look for damage, such as scoring, on the brake discs and replace the discs as necessary. Harley-Davidson does not allow turning the discs on late-model bikes. Check with an authorized service center to determine whether your discs can be turned on a lathe.

8. Remove and inspect the spark plugs for damage, wear and fouling, and replace as necessary.

9. Inspect the exhaust system for damage, leaks and missing fasteners and heat shields. Leaks usually develop at the exhaust gasket where the exhaust pipes meet the heads. Carbon appears on the chrome pipes when leaks are present.

10. Inspect the rear drive belt and pulleys for wear or damage and replace as necessary. Locate the debris deflector viewing window on the rear drive belt guard. Place the belt tensioner gauge against the underside of the belt next to the window and press the gauge upward until it reads “15 pounds.” Look through the debris deflector viewing window and note the amount of belt deflection as indicated by the graduations marked on the sight glass. Check the belt tension and alignment and adjust as necessary according to the specifications for your year and model of Harley.

11. Strike each spoke on the wheels with a spoke wrench and listen to the resulting tone. A low or dull tone indicates a loose spoke. Tighten the spoke with the wrench until it rings with the same tone as the rest of the spokes. Check the wheel spokes for tightness at the first 5,000 miles, and every 15,000 miles thereafter. For safety reasons, Harley-Davidson recommends spoke adjustment be performed by an authorized service center if more than one or two spokes require tightening.

12. Check all electrical switches and devices for proper operation. In basic terms, this is a light and horn check.

13. Check the oil lines, brake hoses and associated fittings, as well as the fuel lines and fittings for cracks or leaks. For safety reasons, Harley-Davidson recommends these checks be performed by an authorized service center.

10,000-Mile Service

  • 1

    Drain the primary chaincase and replace the chaincase drain plug gasket. Refill the primary chaincase with primary chaincase lubricant.

  • 2

    Inspect the jiffy stand for cracks or damage and lubricate it. Cracks can develop on the stand itself rather than on the stand’s swivel mount. This damage is usually caused by resting the bike on the jiffy stand and then sitting on the bike. For safety reasons, Harley-Davidson recommends jiffy stand inspection be performed by an authorized service center. If a damaged jiffy stand breaks under load, personal injury and damage to the bike can be severe.

  • 3

    Check the tightness of the critical fasteners, such as the motor mounts, transmission mounts and stabilizer links. For safety reasons, Harley-Davidson recommends this check be performed by an authorized service center.

  • 4

    Drain and replace the front fork oil and replace the drain plug gasket. This procedure requires the use of a fork holding tool. This is a specialized tool that most bike owners will not have and are not qualified to operate. Do not attempt to drain and replace the front fork oil if you are not qualified to perform this procedure.

  • 5

    Adjust the steering head bearings for fall-away. Most bike owners are not qualified to perform this procedure. Do not attempt to assess or adjust fall-away if you are not qualified to perform this procedure.

20,000-Mile and Over Service

  • 1

    Drain the transmission and replace the transmission drain plug gasket. Refill the transmission with transmission lubricant every 20,000 miles.

  • 2

    Replace the spark plugs every 20,000 miles. Do not overtighten the plugs. Damage to the aluminum engine can result if the plugs are overtightened.

  • 3

    Replace the fuel filter every 25,000 miles. The filter is located inside the fuel tank. On recent year, fuel-injected models, the filter mounts on the fuel pump. On earlier, models with carburetors, the filter mounts on the petcock at the bottom of the tank. If you are uncomfortable performing fuel system procedures, Harley-Davidson recommends the fuel filter replacement be performed by an authorized service center for safety reasons.

  • 4

    Inspect the rear fork bearings every 30,000 miles for signs of damage or cracking. Most bike owners are not qualified to replace the rear fork bearings. Do not attempt to replace the bearings if you are not qualified to perform this procedure.

  • 5

    Disassemble, inspect and lubricate the steering head bearings every 30,000 miles. Most bike owners are not qualified to perform this procedure. Do not attempt to disassemble or lubricant the steering head if you are not qualified.

  • 6

    Inspect the battery for cracks or damage and clean the battery and battery cable terminals once a year. Clean the battery with a solution of 5 teaspoons of baking soda to 1 quart of water.

  • 7

    Perform a road test to check the operation of all systems after every service. Perform a low-speed test in a controlled environment, such as a parking lot, before taking the bike into traffic.


Tips & Warnings

  • Procedures and parts needed for required and suggested maintenance may vary slightly among years and models. Refer to model-specific service information for relevant service procedure details and fluid requirements.
  • If you are uncomfortable performing any of these procedures, take the bike to an authorized Harley-Davidson service center for service. Improperly performed service on a motorcycle can result in an unsafe riding condition, severe personal injury and death.

Charging Lead Acid

Learn how to optimize charging conditions to extend service life.

Lead acid uses a voltage-based charge algorithm that shares similarity with lithium-ion. The voltage is allowed to roam within a confined window while the charge current is set and will only moderate during saturation charge. The charge time of a sealed lead acid battery is 12–16 hours, up to 36–48 hours for large stationary batteries. With higher charge currents and multi-stage charge methods, the charge time can be reduced to 10 hours or less; however, the topping charge may not be complete. Lead acid is sluggish and cannot be charged as quickly as other battery systems.

Lead acid batteries should be charged in three stages, which are [1] constant-current charge, [2] topping charge and [3] float charge. The constant-current charge applies the bulk of the charge and takes up roughly half of the required charge time; the topping charge continues at a lower charge current and provides saturation, and the float charge compensates for the loss caused by self-discharge. Figure 1 illustrates these three stages.

Charge stages of a lead acid battery

Figure 1: Charge stages of a lead acid battery
The battery is fully charged when the current drops to a pre-determined level or levels out in stage 2. The float voltage must be reduced at full charge.

Courtesy of Cadex

During the constant-current charge, the battery charges to about 70 percent in 5–8 hours; the remaining 30 percent is filled with the slower topping charge that lasts another 7–10 hours. The topping charge is essential for the well-being of the battery and can be compared to a little rest after a good meal. If continually deprived, the battery will eventually lose the ability to accept a full charge and the performance will decrease due to sulfation. The float charge in the third stage maintains the battery at full charge.

The switch from Stage 1 to 2 occurs seamlessly and happens when the battery reaches the set voltage limit. The current begins to drop as the battery starts to saturate, and full charge is reached when the current decreases to the three percent level of the rated current. A battery with high leakage may never attain this low saturation current, and a plateau timer takes over to initialize the charge termination.

The correct setting of the charge voltage is critical and ranges from 2.30 to 2.45V per cell. Setting the voltage threshold is a compromise, and battery experts refer to this as “dancing on the head of a needle.” On one hand, the battery wants to be fully charged to get maximum capacity and avoid sulfation on the negative plate; on the other hand, an over-saturated condition causes grid corrosion on the positive plate and induces gassing.

To make “dancing on the head of a needle” more difficult, the battery voltage shifts with temperature. Warmer surroundings require slightly lower voltage thresholds and a cold ambient prefers a higher level. Chargers exposed to temperature fluctuations should include temperature sensors to adjust the charge voltage for optimum charge efficiency. If this is not possible, it is better to choose a lower voltage for safety reasons. Table 2 compares the advantages and limitations of various peak voltage settings.


2.30V to 2.35V/cell

2.40V to 2.45V/cell


Maximum service life; battery stays cool; charge temperature can exceed 30°C (86°F). Higher and more consistent capacity readings; less sulfation.


Slow charge time; capacity readings may be inconsistent and declining with each cycle. Sulfation may occur without equalizing charge. Subject to corrosion and gassing. Needs constant water. Not suitable for charging at high room temperatures, causing severe overcharge.

Table 2: Effects of charge voltage on a small lead acid battery
Cylindrical lead acid cells have higher voltage settings than VRLA and starter batteries.
Once fully charged through saturation, the battery should not dwell at the topping voltage for more than 48 hours and must be reduced to the float voltage level. This is especially critical for sealed systems because these systems are less able to tolerate overcharge than the flooded type. Charging beyond what the battery can take turns the redundant energy into heat and the battery begins to gas. The recommended float voltage of most low-pressure lead acid batteries is 2.25 to 2.27V/cell. (Large stationary batteries float at 2.25V at 25°C (77°F.) Manufacturers recommend lowering the float charge at ambient temperatures above 29°C (85°F).
Not all chargers feature float charge and very few road vehicles will have this provision. If your charger stays on topping charge and does not drop below 2.30V/cell, remove the charge after 48 hours of charge. Recharge every six month if the battery remains in storage.

Whereas the voltage settings in Table 2 apply to low-pressure lead acid batteries with a pressure relief valve of about 34kPa (5psi), cylindrical sealed lead acid, such as the Hawker Cyclon cell, requires higher voltage settings and the limits should be set according to the manufacturer’s specifications. Failing to apply the recommended voltage will cause a gradual decrease in capacity due to sulfation. The Hawker Cyclon cell has a pressure relief setting of 345kPa (50psi). This allows some recombination of the gases generated during charge.

Aging batteries pose a challenge when setting the optimal float charge voltage because each cell has its own age-related condition. Weak cells may go into hydrogen evolution as part of overcharge early on, while the stronger ones undergo oxygen recombination in an almost starved state. Connected in a string, all cells receive the same charge current and controlling individual cell voltages is almost impossible. A float current that is too high for the faded cell might starve the strong neighbor and cause sulfation due to undercharge. Companies have developed cell-balancing devices, which are placed on the battery and compensate the differences in cell voltages that occur as a result of cell imbalance.

Ripple voltage imposed on the voltage of large stationary batteries also causes a problem. The voltage peak constitutes an overcharge, causing hydrogen evolution, while the valleys induce a brief discharge that creates a starved state that results in electrolyte depletion. Manufacturers typically limit the ripple to five percent.

Much has been said about pulse charging of lead acid batteries. There are apparent advantages in reducing sulfation; however, the results are inconclusive and manufacturers as well as service technicians are divided on the benefit. If sulfation could be measured with accuracy and the right amount of pulses applied as a corrective service, then the remedy could be beneficial. Giving an abrasive cure without knowing the underlying results can be harmful.

Most stationary batteries are kept on float charge. The so-called hysteresis charge disconnects the float current when the battery is full and on standby. The battery is essentially put in storage and is only “borrowed” from time to time to apply a toping-charge to replenish lost energy due to self-discharge, or when a load is applied. This mode works well for installations that do not draw a load when on standby.

Lead acid batteries must always be stored in a charged state. A topping charge should be applied every six months to prevent the voltage from dropping below 2.10V/cell. With AGM, these requirements can be somewhat relaxed.

Measuring the open circuit voltage (OCV) while in storage provides a reliable indication as to the state-of-charge of the battery. A voltage of 2.10V at room temperature reveals a charge of about 90 percent. Such a battery is in good condition and needs only a brief full charge prior to use. If the voltage drops below 2.10V, the battery must be charged to prevent sulfation. Observe the storage temperature when measuring the open circuit voltage. A cool battery lowers the voltage slightly and a warm one increases it. Using OCV to estimate state-of-charge works best when the battery has rested for a few hours, because a charge or discharge agitates the battery and distorts the voltage.

Some buyers do not accept shipments of new batteries if the OCV at incoming inspection is below 2.10V per cell. A low voltage suggests partial charge due to long storage or a high self-discharge induced by a possible micro-short. Battery users have indeed found that a pack arriving at a lower than specified voltage has a higher failure rate than those with higher voltages. Although in-house service can often bring such batteries to full performance, the time and equipment required adds to operational costs. (Please note that the 2.10V/cell acceptance threshold does not apply to all lead acid types.)


Watering is the single most important step in maintaining a flooded lead acid battery, a requirement that is all to often neglected. The frequency of watering depends on usage, charge method and operating temperature. A new battery should be checked every few weeks to determine the watering requirement. This assures that the top of the plates is never exposed. A naked plate will sustain irreversible damage through oxidation, leading to reduced capacity and lower performance.

If low on electrolyte, immediately fill the battery with distilled or de-ionized. Do not fill to the correct level before charging as this could cause an overflow during charging. Always top up to the desired level after charging. Never add electrolyte as this would upsets the specific gravity and promote corrosion. Watering systems eliminate low electrolyte levels by automatically adding the right amount of water.

Simple Guidelines for Charging Lead Acid Batteries

  • Charge in a well-ventilated area. Hydrogen gas generated during charging is explosive. (See BU-703: Health Concerns with Batteries)
  • Choose the appropriate charge program for flooded, gel and AGM batteries. Check manufacturer’s specifications on recommended voltage thresholds.
  • Charge lead acid batteries after each use to prevent sulfation. Do not store on low charge.
  • The plates of flooded batteries must always be fully submerged in electrolyte. Fill battery with distilled or de-ionized water to cover the plates if low. Tap water may be acceptable in some regions. Never add electrolyte.
  • Fill water level to designated level after charging. Overfilling when the battery is empty can cause acid spillage.
  • Formation of gas bubbles in a flooded lead acid indicates that the battery is reaching full state-of-charge (hydrogen on negative plate and oxygen on positive plate).
  • Reduce float charge if the ambient temperature is higher than 29°C (85°F).
  • Do not allow a lead acid to freeze. An empty battery freezes sooner than one that is fully charged. Never charge a frozen battery.
  • Do not charge at temperatures above 49°C (120°F).

How to Recondition a Car Battery at Home

If your car’s battery isn’t holding a charge or otherwise is not up to par, you may be able to fix it. The most common cause of degraded battery performance in lead-acid batteries is sulfation, which occurs when sulfur collects on the lead plates in the battery, blocking the electric current. It’s not difficult to recondition a car battery at home. However, sulfation causes irreversible corrosion of the lead plates, so this process will work only three to five times.
It’s not difficult to recondition a car battery at home.


  1. Test the battery to see if it is likely to respond to reconditioning; it needs to register 12 volts on a voltmeter. If it’s between 10 and 12 volts, you may be able to restore the battery to full function, but if it tests at less than 10 volts, you’re probably wasting your time.
  2. Heat a half quart of distilled water to 150 degrees F, and dissolve 7 or 8 oz. of Epsom salts in the water.
  3. Remove the battery cell caps. If you have a sealed battery, find the “shadow plugs” that cover openings to the battery cells–you’ll need to drill through these.
  4. Drain any fluid out of the battery and use a plastic funnel to pour enough of the Epsom salt solution in to fill each cell of the battery properly.
  5. Insert plastic plugs in the drill holes or replace the battery caps and shake the battery to make sure the Epsom salts solution is well distributed.
  6. Recharge the battery on a slow charge for 24 hours and then re-install it in your car.

How to Remove Small Bubbles in an Automotive Paint Job

A good automotive paint job is something that takes either a lot of hard work or a lot of hard-earned money. Whether you painted your car yourself or you had it painted at a paint and body shop, bubbles can appear in the finished paint job. These can be seen when light shines on them or felt when you run your hand over them. But these bubbles don’t have to stay there.


  1. Place 1200-grit sandpaper on a sanding block and sand lightly over the small bubbles. Use a water hose in the other hand to continuously run water over the area you are sanding. This keeps the dust from building up under the sandpaper and scratching the car. Sand until the bubbles can no longer be seen, but don’t sand through the clear coat and into the paint.
  2. Sand the same area again using the same technique, but this time with 1500-grit sandpaper. This paper smooths the scratches made from the 1200 paper.
  3. Use the 2000-grit sandpaper in the same manner as the above steps. Sand until the entire area is dull from the sandpaper. Rinse the car with the water hose when finished sanding.
  4. Apply the liquid buffing compound to the surface of the orbital buffer and buff the entire car, starting with the sanded area. This fills in the smallest scratches made by the 2000-grit sandpaper and brings out a new shine to the surface of the car. The small bubbles should have disappeared.

Commonly Encountered Torque Converter Problems (Automatic Transmission)

A torque converter does the job of the clutch in a vehicle with manual transmission. It transfers the rotating power generated by a vehicle’s engine to the transmission mechanism in order for it to shift gears automatically. There are three major torque converter parts—the pump, the turbine, and the stator.

The pump is attached to directly to the engine, and spins at the same speed as the motor. Inside the pump are many fins, which, as the pump spins, direct hydraulic fluid outward to the turbine. The turbine then spins at close to the same speed as the engine, but in the opposite direction. The spinning of the turbine causes the transmission torque converter to rotate and drive the wheels. The hydraulic fluid exits the turbine at its center, moving in the direction opposite to how it was forced in by the pump.

The beneficial part of a torque converter is that it is able to enhance torque when there is a difference between the input and output speed of rotation, which then provides about the same torque as a reduction gear. A converter can be, and is often, used not only in automobiles but also in boats and in buses used for public transportation.

A converter, like any vehicle part, gets worn out and requires the occasional torque repair or torque converter part replacement. You can also opt to upgrade your converter for a high performance driving experience. When you know the limits of your converter, you can spare yourself from torque repair woes, which is more common than you might think. Of course, most of the problems can be avoided by simply knowing the limitations and capabilities of your converter.

Overheating is probably the most common converter problem encountered by users. There is more than one reason for overheating your converter. There could be a defect on the spark plugs; the distributor timing might be off, or there is continuous high level of slippage. Torque repair shops would have to control this situation by checking for the seals, to make sure they haven’t melted away. Broken seals lead to leaks, and leaks lead to poor circulation of transmission fluid.

Due to sudden loading or excessive heating of the converter, the pump and/or turbine blades may get deformed, separated from their hubs or annular rings. On worse cases, they may even break into fragments. At the least, this type of transmission torque converter will result in a significant loss of efficiency, producing symptoms similar to those seen in stator clutch failure. In extreme cases, you might have to undergo total torque rebuild mode. Replacement of torque converter parts like the turbine and the stator is an expensive process. This problem can be rooted to plain bad and careless driving.

A converter problem called ballooning is also commonly seen among units. What happens is, pressure and stress put on the converter’s housing causes it to distort and eventually break. Hot oil and converter parts will automatically spew out. This is a very serious problem that is caused by prolonged operation under excessive loading, very abrupt application of load, or operating a torque converter at very high RPM. For efficient and high performance of your converters, make it a habit to regulate speed and load. The occasional check up is also helpful.

For torque converter services such as torque repair, torque converter installation, torque converter clutch adjustments, and purchase of new or remanufactured torques, check out Ameritorque. They service the areas of Tampa, Brandon, St Petersburg, Clearwater, Lakeland, Hillsborough, Pinellas, Pasco, and Polk.

Auto Repair Manuals Review: Chilton vs. Haynes

Haynes and Chilton are the two brands that usually spring to mind when you talk about auto repair manuals. Without a doubt, these auto repair manuals have been the two leading and most trusted names in the automotive repair industry for a long time now. That’s why a lot of auto repair enthusiasts, both experienced and newbies, count on these auto repair manuals for information they need to get their job done correctly. These auto repair manuals deliver accurate and comprehensive information in a high-quality package, making them the most sought-after DIY books for many years.

Now which is the better auto repair manual? Some say Chilton is better than Haynes; others claim the other way around. That’s quite confusing, right? Well, the key to knowing the better auto repair manual is to consider your needs as an auto repair DIYer. Read the brief review that follows to give you an idea of which repair manual best meets your needs.

If you need accurate and comprehensive information about troubleshooting various vehicle types, then Chilton auto repair manuals make the cut. Repairs are made even simpler with vacuum and wiring diagrams, so you won’t have a hard time figuring out how a certain part is related to a system in your car. What’s more, Chilton gives its customers an option to talk to certified mechanics to ask for help regarding their car problems.

To register, all you have to do is to input the year, make, and model of your car in the Chilton site. Free samples are available to give you a snapshot of how the online auto repair manual looks like.

Haynes auto repair manuals are just as popular as Chilton auto repair manuals. Aside from step-by-step instructions, Haynes auto repair manuals also provide useful info on how to rebuild your car. Consider these auto repair manuals if you are into vehicle rebuilding. Haynes is proud of the unique advantages it provides to DIYers. For example, the Haynes auto repair manuals were created based on the actual experience of expert technicians who use just basic tools. Also, the step-by-step instructions come with many photos. So which repair manual do you prefer? Whether it’s Chilton or Haynes, make sure you choose with your needs and budget in mind.

Two and Four Stroke Engines: Fast and Simple Answers.

Many years ago when I got hooked by motorcycles, I started to hear a lot about two and four stroke engines… It seemed there were (and there still are) strong opinions in pro and con of each of the engine types.

As Internet wasn’t available, and as I was worried about other aspects or motorcycle riding back then, I left that question unanswered for a long time.

If this is your case or if your are interested in these two kind of internal combustion engines, in the next few lines I hope to give you a few fast answers and some resources to get more in depth information.

Just keep reading…

Here are some facts about two and four stroke engines:


Cycle – Two Strokes:

  1. Compression (intake+compression)
  2. Combustion (combustion+exhaust)

Take a look at the cycle in:

Advantages of two stroke engines:

  • The engine fires – spark plug ignites – once every revolution of the crankshaft.
  • They produce twice the power than four stroke engines.
  • They are much simpler than four stroke engines. Fewer parts to worry about.


  • You have to mix two stroke engine oil with gas, and depending on your consumption, this might be expensive.
  • They last less. Lubrication is not as efficient as in a four stroke engine with heavy oil.
  • Do not use gas efficiently.
  • Pollute more.


Cycle – Four Strokes:

  1. Intake
  2. Compression
  3. Combustion
  4. Exhaust

Take a look at the cycle in:

Advantages of four stroke engines:

  • Last longer than two stroke engines
  • More efficient use of gas
  • Pollute less than two stroke engines


  • More complicated. Many more parts to worry about.
  • Half as powerful as two stroke engines (for equivalent engines)
  • Fires once every two revolutions.

If you want to learn more about two stroke and four stroke engines, take a look at the pages I mention above. You will find extensive information and diagrams that will solve all of your doubts.

Well I hope this gave you some basic information and helped you answer some FAQ about two and four stroke engines! :-)

Enjoy the ride!

Daniel Levy

Can Motorcycles Have Automatic Transmissions?

Can Motorcycles Have Automatic Transmissions?

While most motorcycles will use a traditional squeeze clutch and foot-shifting set up there are actually some models of motorcycles that have fully automatic transmissions. Now it is important to note that scooters and mopeds almost always use automatic transmissions since the engine displacement and power is so low there is no need for shifting.

With that little detail in mind about scooters being automatic you can see where this draws a line for “serious” riders. It is a common known mindset that any motorcycle with an automatic transmission instantly qualifies it as a scooter or lower end bike therefore being for wusses only whereas any big bike for real riders would NEVER employ an automatic transmission, it is simply unheard of.

However this is not true at all because while I personally enjoy shifting and having complete control over my motorcycle, not everyone else does or necessarily can. There are tons of would-be riders out there who would love to experience the thrill of riding a motorcycle but don’t want to have to worry about the extra coordination it takes to make good shifts. While this may sound like one of those “If you can’t shift then you don’t deserve to drive a motorcycle” it really isn’t. When a person doesn’t have to shift they can focus more on enjoying the ride and staying safe by maintaining their complete attention to just steering and braking/accelerating. Like I said, I, along with many other riders, love having the ability to control the amount of power coming from my bike but even I can be honest that there were some times out there that I would have loved to be able to just sit back and cruise without constantly shifting up and down.

Automatic transmissions also benefit those who perhaps can’t shift. I once read an article about a guy who only had one arm but still wanted to keep riding motorcycles. Sounds dangerous but apparently as long as the bike shifted for him he had no trouble maintaining a good ride. Without that option available he may have never had the chance to ride again. While this is likely an extreme case I still found it interesting/neat that someone with a handicap could still enjoy doing something he loved when he probably thought he never could.

Most of the automatic transmission motorcycles you see are likely big cruisers that are made for traveling long distances. It is no surprise that a bike the also has heating/air, radio, and even reverse would also have an automatic transmission. This doesn’t mean there aren’t sport bikes out there that have automatic transmissions. They are actually becoming increasingly popular and there are models out there that maintain the cool look of a sport bike while still providing the features of an automatic transmission.

Whether you are a hardcore rider who wouldn’t even dream of letting the bike shift for you or someone who couldn’t stand shifting during the entire ride, automatic transmissions are an option which allows everyone to enjoy the ride.

Repairing Your Mercedes Benz

Through the years, Mercedes Benz has become one of the most popular and successful car models. In fact, a lot of people have made use of this model due to its sturdiness and its ability to stand the test of time. Even if it is used in a delicate road over a long period of time, this vehicle will still be able to provide the best and highest quality results. Of course, this has been created out of the best and latest in terms of technology. It has also been created with the finest tools. Thus, you can expect it to be the best. Those who have already bought the vehicle can say that it is really worth the price.

Although there is a larger price for a Mercedes Benz, like any other vehicle, the Mercedes is also susceptible to having some problems. Thus, the idea of getting Mercedes repaired might soon arise. Of course, you have to get ready for this since you are constantly using your vehicle. When it comes to getting help for Mercedes repair, there are a lot of companies that are willing to extend their help. However, you should not just pick up any company out there that is available. You have to be very meticulous. You need to raise your standards. Take note that you have invested a lot on this vehicle. You could not afford to lose it or further the damage just because you have not gotten the best company to deal with the Mercedes repair.

Speaking of the best company, you have to realize that these companies should have the latest tools in doing the repair. There must be a computerized system that will deal with the problem until it is solved. Again, you have nothing to worry about since their system will spot the problem right away and deal with it. Thus, whether you have problems with the steering wheel, brakes, engine, and many others, they will take care of the problem right away.

The only thing that you have to realize here is that the prices for the repair can be high. Of course, this is not a small time vehicle that they are going to touch. Thus, they would ask for a certain price in order to get the job done. Yet, you need to invest on this or else your vehicle would go down to waste. You also could not afford to stick with companies whose services are cheap. They might just further the problems. If this happens, you will really lose a lot.

In the end, getting help is easy. If you plan to buy this vehicle or you currently have one, just make sure you take care of it well. Yet, if the problem arises, you need to have the contact number of the best company right away. Rest assured, they will make sure that your vehicle will be back to its normal operation in no time. Just trust that they will.

If you are looking for help with your Mercedes, there is only one place to go for Denver Mercedes Repairs: Autoworks Colorado. They specialize in repairing all German import models; Audi, BMW, Mercedes, Porsche and Volkswagen. Visit their website for more details:Denver Mercedes repair shop or call them at (303) 932-9990.

Valuable Guidance You Need About Auto Repair

You need to have your car fixed if it grows a problem. Continue reading and learn what you really should know when it comes to auto repairs.

Request mechanics before contracting with them, if they’ve done work on your own particular make and model of car. When mechanics say that they’ve, they likely understand what it takes to make the needed repairs.

Referrals are an excellent method for finding an auto mechanic. Ask the people you know for his or her vehicles to. You are able to gain details about prices and worth that way. People will let you what type of things they had and if the mechanic was honest.

You must maintain good track of all of your car records. You may desire these with you when you go to get repairs done; a marvelous place to store them in the glove compartment. The auto repair professionals might want to check out the records. The auto repair can help them diagnose issues quicker.

Test drive your car before paying the auto mechanic.

Pay attention to your own car’s wiper blades. You may need new blades when the ones leaving streaks on the glass and you’ve are streaking or making noises.

Try looking for a person who works from their own garage. They can generally do jobs for much less cost when they have auto repair experience they are able to supply quality work. You provide an independent worker by going down this path and might save a lot of money.

There are several distinct categorizations that decide the quality of components. New items have lately been created by the specification of the manufacturer’s. Refurbished parts ate those which have been restored to functioning state. “Salvage” means that it came off a car and deficiency alteration.

Only use a repairman that’s certified. You must be sure they have received approval from your NIAE. This will give quality service to you and means they are correctly trained.

Your tires may be replaced by some auto stores with older models. The do this to earn a fast buck from you being unlearned. Mark your tires with some chalks before you drop your vehicle to a car store.

You should consider visiting a vocational school near your car repair section, should you cannot afford to get your vehicle fixed.

You must review this guide and understand what you must do if a problem comes about. Your guide contains all you should know when it comes to maintaining your vehicle and doing small repairs yourself.

Consistently bleed the brakes in the event that you are working on the students. Make sure to test your brakes. Begin slowly to make sure you have made before you begin to drive faster, an excellent repair is completed nicely.

OEM is the Original Equipment Manufacturer of the Maker. Remember this when you have car parts in your own car. This could very well prevent someone putting auto parts that are used on your car.

The tips that have been shared in this essay should make you more savvy when coping with any auto repairs. Keep this advice in mind so that you can handle the situation right.